The Universe of Battles Episode Five 1863 a series of battles were fought between the Confederate army and the Union Army. Battles such as: Gettysburg, Vicksburg, Battery Wagner, Chickamauga Creek, and Chattanooga. Along with these battles the Gettysburg Address was presented, the role of women was noticed, and riots in New York broke out. Many say that these battles were the turning point of the U.S. Civil War. General Robert E. Lee, from the south and George G. Meade from the north lead their troops. On July 4th Robert E. Lee surrendered to the north, and the south was defeated.

The Battle of Gettysburg is considered to be the turning point of the Civil War. Late in May the Confederate army marched toward Pennsylvania with shoes in mind. Their soar feet were aching and it was understood to be a large supply of shoes in the state of Pennsylvania. General Robert E. Lee's 70,000 men were dived up into three different cores. The leaders of the three cores were James Longstreet, Stonewall Jackson, and A.P. Hill. As the Confederates traveled through Pennsylvania they had no respect for the civilians.

The Confederate troops stole livestock, clothing and food from the civilians. They sent African Americans back into the south. The Union army followed the confederates through Maryland to see what they were up to. The commander in charge of the union army was George Mede. The confederate army marched into Gettysberg, and overwhelmed General John Bedfords union army. Eventually all of the soldiers in the area from both north and south were now on the battlefield.

Toward the end of the first day, the unions were in the lead. The second day, 65,000 confederates were up against 85,000 federal troops. Four hills surrounded the area; Corps Hill, Cemetery Hill, and the Big and little Round top. General Lee wanted all of the hills to be covered, so Longstreet ordered his men to cover the four hills. Sickles disobeyed orders and marched his men past little round top and into a peach orchard.

Kernel C. Oats saw that the little round top had no men covering it and saw the defeat. General sickles men were in trouble. Private Robert H. Carter quoted that this was a " perfect hell on earth". The confederates and union men ran up to the top of the hill. This is where three hundred and sixty men hid behind large boulders and they fired onto the rebels. Adventually many of the confederate soldiers surrendered.

On the Third day, The union was on Cemetery ridge and little hill top started to shoot from below. SO many men were being killed, and the rebels lines of men were being shot down. Men were killing and shooting each other at point blank ranges. Many of the Confederate men were captured and killed. The Confederates were defeated.

General Lee took all the blame for the defeat, and said it was "all my fault". The next day the Confederates marched back to the south. This was the turning point of the Civil War. Late May is when the battle of Vicksburg was fought.

This was a fight for the control of the Mississippi River. The union controlled all of the river except for just below Vicksburg. Ulysses S. Grant and his men were on land and Admiral Davids Porters shot at land from the river. Many civilians were scared, and dug caves to live in.

Living in these caves made the people feel like they were "living like roots". The civilians had low food, and this went on for forty-eight days. Adventually the confederates again surrendered and Grant was the hero of this battle. The Battle came to an end July 4, 1863, and the confederacy was now cut into two parts... This was the battle of Chickamauga Creek. This creek was called the river of death, both the Union and Confederacy was sick, cold and hungry.

This battle was a great defeat for the South. In August 1863, General William Rosecrans from the Union, moved Confederate General Braxton out of Chattanooga, Tennessee On November 24th, Grant took his men up to the to op of Look Out Mount ian. This battle was named "battle above clouds" because of the thick fog. Grant attacked and Bragg's men were forced to go back to Georgia. Commander Robert Shaw, charged Battery Wagner and forty percent of his med died. Battery Wagner was a victory for the confederates.

During the Civil War, women played an extremely important role. In both the North and South, women worked their hardest to be supportive to their men. They helped with medicine, foot, health, and comfort. The women in the north worked in sanitary commissions, and they sewed, cooked, and took care of their injured men.

Even though the men ran these sanitary commissions, the women ran the show. In the South, women used their homes as hospitals and did not have enough money to run projects like the sanitary commissions. The women in the south did get food together and help the wounded men. During the Civil War, there was a draft put up in the north.

During this time New York City wanted to break away and become an independent city. The New York draft riot consisted of mainly immigrant Irish men in NY. These men had low paying jobs and did not feel they should go to war. On July 12th a draft was posted, and a predominately Irish mob attacked and lashed out. This mob lynched blacks and set buildings on fire. This riot lasted three days, mainly in Manhattan.

On the third day, troops from Gettysburg can and stopped this riot. The Gettysberg Address is a famous speech by Abraham Lincoln. This speech was "healing words" that was addressed on November 19, 1863. This speech stated his feelings for the dead soldiers, and what they were fighting for.

The Gettysberg Address was only 269 words, and this was said to be too short. Usually speeches during this age did not end until hours later. Speeches were a form of entertainment for the people and many were disappointed.