Became Thailand's capital in 1782; Bangkok was an outlying district of Thonburi. King Rama I created and defined the city when he decided to move the capital across the river from Thonburi to Bangkok in 1782. Since he thought that the location was easier to defend. Thousands of Khmer prisoners of war were forced to build the city walls, and the existing canal system was extended to relieve transport problems.
Artisans of Ayutthaya build new temples. Construction of Bangkok was completed in 1785, it was given an elongated name consisting of 164 letters, but was colloquially called K rung The (City of Angels), and Bangkok is the name of the city to the outside world. Under the rule of Rama Thailand was successful in reestablishing relations and making trades with China which were necessary to meet the increasing domestic agricultural production. He also started a frenzy of temple building.
During his monastic period, he reformed the education system and allowed limited western trade. King Mon gut (Rama IV) created new laws to improve the women and children's rights. He also opened new waterways and the first road of Bangkok (Chareonkrung). King Chulalongkorn (Rama V) started to reform the tradition, and the legal and administrative realm. Under his reign, Thailand developed relations with European nations and the USA. He introduced schools, roads, railways, and Thailand's first post office.
In 1892, he overhauled the administration to form a cabinet government. He also abolished slavery, promoted modernization, and sacrificed large Thai territories to prevent European colonization. King Rama VII changed Thailand's form of government from absolute monarchy to democracy. This developed the constitutional monarchy.
Under Rama IX's government, which is the current government, the country's name was officially changed from Siam to Thailand in 1946. In Thai this was defined as "Prather Thai" meaning the country of the free Thai races. The population of Bangkok really skyrocketed after 1970 at which point it was 2.5 million and by 2000 Bangkok's population had exploded to 10 million. In 1932 Thailand established a constitutional government and Bangkok became the hub of a vast expanding service industry. Following World War II Bangkok quickened its pace towards modernization. From the mid-1960's Bangkok became a favourite amongst tourists looking for 'rest, recreation, and relaxation'.
Bangkok was riding a double-digit economic boom through the 1980's. Bangkok was hit hard by the economic crisis that swept Asia in 1997. However, while other Asian economies continued in crisis, Thailand was beginning to resuscitate its financial systems and its economy. Today Bangkok is back at its role as the financial hub of mainland South-East Asia, luring a mixture of Asian and Western investors. The city continues to expand, attracting hordes of visitors each year. Increased population and modernization from the 1970's onwards have caused some problems in Bangkok.
The housing situation is appalling as there are over 10 million people in Bangkok and a direct result of the population and modernization explosion is a problem with severe traffic congestion. The loss of many cultural sections of Bangkok is a high price to pay for modernization. All in all Bangkok has been moving forward and is continually developing.