Urban II presented his speech at the council of Clermont. The speech states his general arguments. Such as that you must be faithful do God and do as he says. As well as for all criminals (robbers, thieves) to be expelled from the church, and punished. For those who have been working very hard, shall be rewarded.
Bohemund, an honorable man had come to him. He commanded honor and a place to rest. He spoke with the emperor in secret, with the emperor stating that he swears no to disclose information. The emperor gave all the men a pledge of security.
Nicea, which has been the scene of the destruction of the popular crusade was the capita of t the Seljuk ruler Kilim Aslan. It was essential to capture it to gain access to the main land route through Asia Minor to Syria. The crusaders attacked and laid siege to Nicea on May 21 1097. On June 19 the city surrendered to an army of Alexius I Nicea was the first major Crusader victory. This is the account of when the crusaders had marched to Jerusalem. They had passed through a variety of towns.
When they reached ST. George, there their leaders held a council to choose a bishop who will have charge of the area and create a church. This is a drawing of a crusader returning from the Crusades. Drawn by Karl Friedrich Lessing, this picture demonstrates the sad defeat of the Crusades, not winning and not achieving their goals. The Crusader is returning home upset, tired, and with struggle.
In 1146, the Crusade principality of Edessa fell to the resurgent Muslims. As a result, Pope Eugene called for a new crusade - the Second. His mentor, St. Bernard of Clair vaux, enthusiastically supported him in this call. The fiasco at Damascus gave rise to great bitterness, both among the Crusaders themselves, who suspected that treachery was involved, and also in the West. After the withdrawal from Damascus, the grand alliance was irrevocably shattered. Conrad of Germany at once set out for home by way of Constantinople.
King Louis of France lingered longer in Palestine, but finally left the Holy Land in the summer of 1149 without having attempted any further military action. The king of Jerusalem gathered his army from all of Judea and Samaria. The army was large with over 18,000 infantry and 1200 knights. The Syrians fought and won. Galileans yielded the ramparts and the city. King of Jerusalem advised his army to march out ready to fight the enemy with their men armed.
This is the decree of King Philip Augustus. Where he is stating the debts of the crusaders. He is speaking out about crusaders, bishops, knights, and lords. Stating that all should make revenues for their debts. If anyone is in debt to a person, should have respite until the All Saints feast. The Fourth Crusade was directed at Egypt.
There were, however, a series of financial difficulties, which enabled the Venetians, who had been hired as transportation providers, to divert the crusade to their own ends. First it attacked the Christian city of Zara, and then Constantinople itself. The result was the establishment of a series of Latin states in Greece and the A gean, and the permanent collapse of communion between Catholic and Orthodox Churches. The Byzantine historian Nice tas Choniates here gives an account of the sack of the city..