The article is a discussion by director of the American University Center for global Peace, Professor Abdul Aziz. It discussed that the key elements for a successful democratic transition included: Economic and political reform, which includes aid for Iraq's health and education sectors; relief from debt and reparations; liberalization and privatization of the economy; and foreign direct investment. It also included democratic reforms which elections and the institution of a parliamentary form of democracy is the base for a more participatory political system. He stated that the US' role in promoting democracy in a region that, by Western definitions, lacks a true democracy is delicate, will risks being viewed as neo-colonialist or paternalistic.
Most Arabs view Western assumptions of democracy as an imposition of external ideas and theories. He suggested that the only way a free and democratic Iraq will exist is if the people of Iraq are given hope and a stake in the future. Democracy is also an economic relationship between rulers and ruled -- a right to economic security and to a decent life. Minority groups and tribalism will play highly influential roles in democratization efforts. Foreign influence in Iraqi democratization efforts should end following the fall of the old regime, overt aid should be expanded. Numerous opportunities exist for foreign powers to promote democracy in Iraq, which will reassure the Iraq people, as well as the rest of the Middle East, that the new government is not a "puppet" of any foreign power..