Details About Number Of Yanomamo essay example

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This paper looks on Yanomamo Indians traits and describes their actual way of life; the basic question that might be asked will be answered: who they are, where do they live, how do they gather food to survive and what are their skills in this domain; also how these Indians are organized politically and how are the social relations among the families and between neighboring tribes. Then, how the devastation of the scientists and journalists have changed the Yanomamo Indians way of life in the current and past century, and if they kept the same aspects of their current religion of they ancestors even thought modern world have reached them. The Yanomamo (Yah-no-mah-much) also called Yanomamo, Yanomami and San uma (which means 'Human Being') are deep jungle indigenous Indians living in the Amazon basin in both Venezuela and Brazil. The Yanomamo are believed to be the most primitive, culturally intact people in existence in the world. In spite of that, they exist within the modern period by use of technology which is well-adapted to their environment.

They number approximately 12,000 people and are distributed in some 125 widely scattered villages in the upper Amazon basin of Brazil and in the South of Venezuela (South America). They live in small villages that are separated by many miles of unoccupied land. The villages can be as small as 40 to 50 people or as large as 300 people grouped by families in one large communal dwelling called a Sha bono; this disc shaped structure with an open-air central plaza is an earthly version of their god's Abode. The villages are autonomous but constantly will interact with each other. The quote following read in the book Yanomamo Warfare is intended to give more details about number of Yanomamo " The Yanomamo are by far the most numerous and best described of the four major divisions of Yanomamo.

Population estimates put their numbers at 6,000 around 1970 (Migliazza 1972: 34), at 9,000 around 1978 (Migliazza 1985: 38, and at 11,752 in 171 villages in the early 1980's. Of that last count, 9,564 were in Venezuela and the remainder in Brazil north of Rio Negro)", Historically, the Yanomamo original tribes are believed to have been living in upper Peru for a long period of time, but dramatic natural conditions made them move to the northern-eastern part of south American continuum. As F. Peters notes on his book the Xilixana Yanomami of the Amazon (2002: 19):" based on approximately 150 probable cognates, Migliazza (Migliazza and Campbell 1988: 197-207,387-456) hypothesizes that the ancestors of Yanomamo lived on the upper Ucayali river in Peru during the last "refuge" phase. As the reforestation progressed, proto-Pano an speakers from this group moved to the lower Ucayali river and then eastward into territory currently Brazilian. Speakers of proto-Yanomamo separated and slowly moved down in the Amazon River to its confluence with the Rio Negro "Yanomamo as well as other Indian tribes in the Amazon Basin hunt with the help of several sophisticated and effective hunt tools such as bows and arrows or blow guns. For precise hunting they use four kinds of arrows, depending on the species and habits of an animal.

To paralyze the ur preys, they use animal poison (snakes and scorpions) on their tools and arrows to facilitate the process of capturing. They have a highly developed hunting and gathering skills which have been described in most details by J. Good (1983, 1989, 1991) and Valero (Bioc ca 1971; Valero 1984). Yanomamo hunt many animals. They hunt mostly jaguars, ocelots, tigers and some other of the jungle rulers. The Yanomamo tribe loves monkey meat. They eat squirrels, spider and Howler monkeys.

They also hunt for some of the animals like deer, birds, and so ther mammals that prowl the rainforest. When they kill the birds and the cats, the use almost the entire animal to make instruments (bones and teeth), blankets, and clothes (the skin and fur). Besides hunting and fishing, they also plant crops and collect and gather wild food". The idea that Yanomamo are hunters and gatherers fit well with either of two influential anthropological theories about "marginal" tropical forest population: that they were representative hold over an ancient, pre-agricultural social layer " Yanomamo Warfare (1987: 182-183) In the book Who speaks for the Yanomamo? F. Salam one explains that no single person leads a Yanomamo village and political decisions are made by individual villages by consensus (1997: 47). He further explains that though a number of researchers refer to the Yanomamo as an egalitarian society, the Yanomamo see themselves as more of an achievement based society in which people may gain prestigious status, though no one person can speak for the group (1997: 47).

To support this claim, Ramos identifies the Yanomamo community as its most meaningful political unit, with the village as its territorial base (1995: 109). Interesting to note also, is Salomone's arguments that trade acts as an integral part of their political process. He explains that trade "helps insure peace between otherwise independent villages and provides a stimulus to the Yanomamo's main political forum, the inter village feast where many political issues are resolved through trade and marriage arrangements" (1997, 48) Some anthropologists consider the Yanomamo culture to have been the last to come in contact with the modern world. That's true because as we can notice they still keep very ancient techniques of hunting.