Frederick Needs essay example
The trap, that which he must come to realize, can snap close at any moment and seize all his hope, so he must learn not to be fooled into believing he has escaped... Frederick Henry must learn that the war he sees as meaningful actually lacks glory and show no sign of honor. It is the killer of children because the people who are doing the fighting are too young and have no realization of the true consequences of their actions. Fred must understand that the war is a trap for everyone involved, including their families who would be killed if anyone escaped.
By escaping the war, he can leave behind some of the malevolence of the world. He must realize no one can fully escape the malevolence since we are born and will forever live in its clutches. When one is born they are subsequently given a death sentence to die some point in their life. This malevolence is unforgiving and will destroy everyone and everything, making the world a wasteland.
Frederick needs to learn how to make his separate peace from the war and all of the malevolence. He must realize its time to mature and have complete self-reliance in order to reject society. It is important for Frederick Henry to understand that he must leave the childish impulses behind and move on to strengthening his manhood. In order to do that he has to recognize that he is not a warrior, so, therefore, there is no need for him to be in this war.
By being immature, he foolishly enlisted into the Italian army. His only reason was the search for adventure and that is where he thought he could find it. The pretentious view of war as a game is childish. He must learn that lives are at stake especially his own. By becoming a real man, Frederick Henry must disassociate himself with the attitudes and actions of the other officers. The officers, who enjoy whoring around with women and drinking all kinds of alcohol, inflict some peer pressure onto Frederick, who joins in with all the corruption and contamination.
The blurring of whoring and the war gives reference to the biblical story of Sodom and Gomorrah. In the story, the cities were completely destroyed because of all the sin and sexual indulgences going on there. There is a comparison that with all of the sin resulting from their actions that, in some way, the war will possibly catch up and destroy them, as well. By bowing to the peer pressure, Frederick wound up choosing to go to Rome and the other big cities for his vacation.
Instead of listening to the priest and going to Abruzze, where he could cleanse his soul, he went only to the places that may offer exciting stories that he could tell the officers. If he went to Abruzze, and had the chance to reflect on his life, he may have came back a new man, but he did not, so he still struggles to become an aficion. Frederick was taught what the war was all about by the mechanics. They told him all about the trap of being in the war, using the Granatieri and Carabiniere as an example, of not having a choice on whether or not to go to battle.
If they refused, they would be executed by the officers. Frederick was indifferent to the mechanics and their insight. Frederick had the chance to leave the war, but he was a fool. This foolish attitude is what led him to get shelled. The injury to his leg, as unanticipated as it was, was the first tragic hint that he needed to get out. Also, by witnessing Passini's intolerable suffering and, just as unexpected, death should have capped off his thoughts about the war.
But, he was still a little boy and was not ready to move on. When Frederick encountered the man with the truss, he was only acting as an officer and not a person. He did not see the fact that the man needed his help to get out. Frederick became part of the malevolence as the man would probably die later in the war, as so many did. Henry was slowly learning the cost of the war, but the cost of love came abruptly and the suffering that followed could make or break Frederick as a man. He learns that biology is simply a trap.
The death of Catherine and the baby surely helped him see that when someone is born they are already marked for death and that the death can come so quickly. Frederick, first learned from Catherine that being in love brings suffering, as her fianc dies during the war. This has a horrible affect on her because she knows that she must live with this suffering the rest of her life. In a link to another Hemingway character, Jake Barnes, Fred learns the hard way, also, as he impregnates Catherine to spawn life, but winds up killing her and the baby. Frederick also learns that the cost of friendship is great, however it, too, can be vulnerable to bad things. Fred can see this through Rinaldi, and the constant whoring around he does.
Rinaldi contracts syphilis. Frederick knows he will lose a friend, so he must go on without him. Frederick, no matter what the cost of love, will have to go on alone. With the death of Catherine, he learns he will have to cope with suffering. Frederick also learns that the malevolence of the world is everywhere and there is no way of escaping it.
The mechanics explain to him the consequences of the war and the ugliness in which it conceives. Frederick is taught that the Bersaglieri were un aware that they were being sent on a suicide mission. Their mission, as immoral as it sounds, was only to take the focus off other soldiers, so they weren't killed. Whoever was in the war was consequently in a trap.
The mechanics told Fred that if you sought to leave the war they would kill your family, if they couldn't get you. Frederick learns about this terrifying fact when hearing of the Granatieri who were executed for not carrying out their mission. Frederick witnesses the true malevolence of the world when he sees Passini dying after getting his legs blown off. As Passini screams, "Stop it!
Shoot Me!" , he is literally meaning kill him now because the pain is intolerable. That is not how a man should die. Fred, also witnesses the self-destructiveness of Rinaldi. Rinaldi becomes a tool of the officers. His duty is merely to fix the injured soldiers who come to him only to be sent to the front again to die. Rinaldi realizes this can causes him to have a reckless attitude that, in return, makes him contract syphilis.
Frederick must watch as his friend dies a slow suicide. The most striking evidence of malevolence in the universe is war. War, in Hemingway's view, is hell. There is no honor. There is no glory.
It is up to Frederick to free his mind of the childish views of war as a game. It is not a playground. He must learn that he is as vulnerable as anyone and that he can die very easily. He must realize that doing what he is told will only get him killed. The ones getting killed are just like him, young and too immature to recognize the true nature of this war. It is not until the fat colonel gets shot right in front of him that he figures it out.
The ability to make a separate peace from the malevolence in the world was always there for Frederick Henry. He failed when the priest tried to help him. He submitted to the peer pressure. When he was met violently to make a separate peace, he shook the shelling to his leg off, and remained a good, little soldier and returned to the front.
However, Fred was faced with the fact he needed to get stronger or the injury would take control of him. That tested his manhood and he responded well. Frederick had the chance to help two men make a separate peace from the war. He refused to help the man with the truss because he couldn't break the rules. The man couldn't leave on his own because they would kill his family or kill him.
Fred is responsible for his death, and his told by the priest he is just like the other officers, the enemy. He had another chance to help someone. Bo nello, his friend, also sought to find a separate peace, but he simply needed Fred to lie to his superiors, but he failed. Not until the fat colonel took a bullet right in front of him did he realize he needed to get out.
With the help of Emilio who taught him to rely on his own principles, he was able to get away to Switzerland with Catherine. He then had the ability to redefine his manhood and live his own life.