Police Report of the Munich Putsch 8th November 1923, Otto von Lossow (commander of the Reichswehr) and State Commissioner Gustav von Kahr were addressing a meeting of 2,000 right-wing supporters in the Munich beer-hall. A man named Adolf Hitler, a pro-active right-wing leader, burst into the hall with armed storm troopers and declared a national revolution. Hitler, gun in hand, forces the State Commissioner and the Army Commander, Lossow, into a side room of the beer-hall. Hitler coheres both Lossow and Kahr to state their support for a march on Berlin to impose a new government, with General Ludendorff as the new Commander-in-Chief. During these talks thousands of storm troopers were terrorising other members of the Bavarian government and causing complete chaos, but the storm troopers failure to gain control of the army barracks and because of the procrastination of the revolutionaries control and order were restored. 9th November 1923, President Ebert declares a national state of emergency.
General Seeckt orders Lossow to crush the revolt. Lossow and Kahr soon announce a proclamation denouncing the putsch. Adolf Hitler was said to be very upset by the announcement of Lossow and Kahr proclamation and becomes very anxious about carrying on with the revolt. General Ludendorff persuades Hitler to carry on and at noon 2,000-armed Nazi storm troopers march into a military base in Munich.
Our armed police units and the Bavarian army meet them at the military base. The first shots were fired by the Nazi troops. 14 Nazi troops were killed in the revolt, General Ludendorff marched up to the police units and was arrested, and Hitler fled the scene and was found and arrested on the 11th November. As a result of the Putsch General Seeckt bans the Naz party. The aims of the Putsch was to essentially take over Germany and replace the existing government with a new provisional government consisting of people such as General Ludendorff and Hitler. Posters were posted around the city telling the people about the newly devised provisional government even before anyone had actually agreed to participate in this rebel government.
Another reason for this revolt by the right wing groups of Germany was the suspicion that the communist parties were also going to revolt and the right wing groups needed to get there first, which is why the revolution was so poorly planed. The Munich Putsch failed for a number of reasons many members of the public thought it was a joke and something that wasnt to be taken seriously one bystander called it a Comic Opera. A major turning point was the retraction of support for the Putsch by Lossow and Kahr, this stemmed many other problems for the leaders of the Putsch it was even said that Hitler had a nervous break down when Kahr and Lossow renounced their support for the cause. The Putsch was also not planed properly there was a rush to beat the communists and the plan had not been thought through properly which hindered the whole revolt. The authorities were well informed and took special measures to make sure that the Nazis had no weapons and that army officers stayed loyal to the government.
Lossow subordinates in the army had refused to help the Nazis and so it would be impossible for Lossow to have had the support of the army when measures were taken to keep army members loyal. The degree of threat that the Nazi party perpetuated was minimal, they hadnt the support nor the power to control a full blown revolution. The authorities were well prepared for them and only 14 people were killed, Hitlers followers were in small numbers, with only about 50,000 members. General Seeckt has now banned the party and therefor reducing the risk of any other uprising. Hitler has been jailed for his crimes and the party should disband with out his leadership..