Hobbes Social Contract Theory Thomas Hobbes starts his argument by discussing the nature of mankind. One man can be better in something than another man, but in the end their positive and negative qualities add up to make them equal. This equality brings fear to men. They begin to suspect and hate one another, which brings them to war. When men are at war; morality, values and injustice vanish. The lack of a central governing system allows men to act according to their understanding.
Hobbes states three main principles that drive a man to war: Competition, Fear, and Glory. "The first, maketh men invade for gain; the second, for safety; and the third for reputation". War lasts for a long time regardless of the reason. Neglectful of how successful a war is, there are always losses.
Furthermore, if man is always at war, he loses culture, resources, time, society, and morality. He starts relying on animal surviving instinct, always keeping his guard against every other man. Fear of death prevents men from constant involvement in war. There is little time for building and civilizing the world or to enjoy life. Being in constant war, or fearing war takes up a lot or all of that time.
In this state of anarchy, where your and other lives are in permanent danger, one realizes that it is in everyone's best interest to make a contract to claim peace, sustain a minimal morality of respecting human life, keeping covenants made, and obeying the laws of the society. These Contracts are mutual transferring of rights between two parties. They can range from deciding on peace between two quarreling parties, with demands and peaceful sacrifices from both ends, to and agreement between two merchants for goods and services. Hobbes goes deeper by demonstrating differen kinds of contracts such as covenants, and Natural Laws that are kept with contracts.
He also demonstrates that social contracts improve our way of lives, by keeping peace and setting up morals, laws, values, and compromises. To enforce such contracts, Hobbes suggests imposing severe penalties on those who disobey the laws and / or break the contracts.