The movement of Popular Art is more commonly known as the Pop Art Movement. This movement began in the late 1950's and continued to flourish in the 1960's and 1970's. The artists of this movement took common goods such as celebrities, media images and icons and transformed them into works of art. Pop Art developed primarily in the United States and Britain.

In the U.S. the art of this movement was linked to the wealth and prosperity of the post World War II era. Artist Richard Hamilton's famous work, "Just What Is It that Makes Today's Home so Different, so Appealing?" is considered by many to be the first Pop piece because of its many references to popular culture and consumerism. Jasper Johns and Robert Rauschenberg were some of the first Pop artists in America, and used popular imagery such as the American flag and beer cans in their paintings, prints and collages. Artist Andy Warhol is known for his silk screens of both famous people and everyday objects. While artist Roy Lichtenstein employs a comic strip style in his paintings. The Pop Art movement wanted to bring art back into the daily life of people.

It was a reaction against abstract painting, which pop artists considered to be too sophisticated. Pop artists' favorite images were objects from everyday life.