Motif Of Time In The Quentin Section essay example
He is totally consumed with his past and at times can think of nothing else. He also becomes determined to stop time itself-a futile effort that will eventually force him to take his own life. Quentin's obsession with the past and with the passage of time is a central theme of not only the Quentin section but of the entire book, and it is the key to understanding what Faulkner is trying to say about the decay of Southern culture and traditions. To fully understand the motif of time in the Quentin section it is first necessary to compare it with the different ways in which Faulkner uses time in the other three sections. The first section is narrated by the mentally retarded brother, Benjy, who has absolutely no concept of time whatsoever. He simply drifts back and forth through time as if the past were no different from the present to him.
Benjy constantly thinks of his sister Caddie who has long since left the family home but because he has no concept of time, he has no idea that she has been gone for many years. The third section is narrated by the greedy and neurotic brother, Jason. To Jason time is all about the present and he grabs every second as it goes by much as he does with the money that his sister Caddie sends to him in order to provide for her daughter who is under his care. The fourth and final section in the book, unlike all the others, is not told by one of the children but rather by an unspecified narrator.
In this section time is shown as much closer to what ordinary people perceive it to be. More than any of the other sections, the Quentin section sees time as the enemy. Quentin himself is in a constant struggle to escape time. The first evidence of this attempt to stop time is seen when he symbolically breaks the hands off his pocket watch. But to his dismay he can still hear it running even without the hands, a sign that time is inescapable. Indeed everywhere he goes he can see and hear clocks constantly reminding him of the passage of time.
Quentin's distortion of time is further shown by his total obsession with the past and his sister Caddie in particular. Caddie has just married several months before and Quentin has numerous flashbacks about her. In his mind this fixation on his sister is an attempt to protect her. It is a kind of distorted Southern chivalry but instead of it protecting the honor of the Southern woman, the distorted chivalry is destroying him because he is unable to let go of the past. As Quentin continues to try to stop time from progressing it is obvious that it is an impossible task.
The only true way for him to stop time so that he does not have to forget and let go of the past is for him to take his own life. Ironically, he views it as an honorable act of Southern dignity but once again his perceptions are distorted. His act is merely one of cowardice that cannot stop time the way he hopes it will. But what is Faulkner trying so say with these unusual pictures of time? His work The Sound and the Fury is actually a micro view of the South itself.
The Compson family and particularly the Compson children are all slowly falling apart. Faulkner uses this to symbolically show how the old-style Southern aristocracy from the turn of the twentieth century was in a major decline. The Quentin section most poignantly illustrates this point because the result of this decay literally destroys him in the end. The cause of this decay is clearly slavery, but the implications of this decay from slavery are much farther reaching than merely the Southern aristocracy. Many people believe that slavery instantaneously ended with the Civil War but this is not correct.
Continuing to this day there are still remnants and scars left over from that terrible institution. In the text the most obvious remnants of slavery were the Compson's primitive black servants who were quite obviously the posterity of the black slaves once owned by the family. Just as Quentin idealized the past some Southerners have this picture of the old South as a wonderful and glorious place. They romanticize about it and even wish to stop time in order to return to the past much as Quentin wished to do.
Sadly, like Quentin, their views of the past and time are terribly distorted. They are unable to remember the horrors of the past that were characterized by Southern slavery. The institution was a terrible cancer that was constantly decaying the moral and ethical base of the South. In the end Quentin was so consumed with stopping time and returning to the way things were that he literally destroyed himself.
Faulkner is trying to warn those who wish to return to the "good old days" that they were a time that should not be praised and dreamed of but rather that they are times that should be scorned and put behind us; because if we try to return to the past, we will be destroying ourselves just as Quentin did..