O 1833 Oberlin College essay example
O 1635 Boston Public Latin School opens. It is the first secondary school in the American colonies. O 1636 Harvard first university founded O 1640 Hornbook, first elementary textbook O 1776 Continental Congress adopted a Declaration of Independence declaring the colonies free and independent states. O (1787-1870) Emma Willard - work resulted in the founding of high schools O & colleges for women O 1818 Silliman begins the publication of The American Journal of Science O 1826 The development of organized athletics, Harvard has collegiate O gymnastics exercises. O (Rudolph) O 1833 Oberlin College opens at Oberlin, Ohio.
It admits qualified blacks O and will admit women on an equal basis beginning in October 1838, O becoming the first coeducational U.S. college. O 1848 United States Colleges began the gymnasium movement. PE activities O included: bowling, boxing, marbles, shinny, dancing, hunting, swimming, O walking, fishing, wrestling, fox and geese, and BASEBALL. O (Rudolph) O 1850 - "separate but equal" precedent established in Massachusetts, O later, in 1895, Ples sy vs. Ferguson made it law and established Jim Crow O laws. O 1863 - Emancipation proclamation signed, technically ending slavery, O except in certain counties and border states.
Abraham Lincoln issued the O Emancipation Proclamation freeing slaves in those states that had seceded O from the Union. O 1865 1. All persons born or naturalized in the United States, and subject O to the jurisdiction thereof, are citizens of the United States and of the O State wherein they reside. No State shall make or enforce any law which O shall abridge the privileges or immunities of citizens of the United O States; nor shall any State deprive any person of life, liberty, or O property, without due process of law; nor deny to any person within its O jurisdiction the equal protection of the laws. 1892 A "pledge of allegiance" for U.S. schoolchildren to recite October 12 in commemoration of the discovery of America 400 years ago says simply, "I pledge allegiance to my flag, and to the Republic for which it stands, one nation, indivisible, with liberty and justice for all".
1954 - Brown vs. Board of education the Supreme Court unanimously declared that separate educational facilities are inherently unequal" and, as such, violate the 14th Amendment to the United States Constitution, which guarantees all citizens "equal protection of the laws". 1968 - The first tribally controlled community college was established by the Navajo Nation; Navajo Community College. 1983 The publication of A Nation at Risk led to an education reform wave known as the "excellence movement". Throughout the past century, continual school-bashing has also led to numerous education reform movements. For example, in the late 1970's, there was a smaller, but similar reform movement commonly known as "back-to-basics". During this time, evidence of illiterate high-school graduates became a source of alarm in the United States.
As a result, some states adopted "minimum-competency laws and other measures designed to ensure that those getting diplomas from the public schools would possess at least rudimentary skills in the three R's" On June 4, 1989, thousands of Chinese students and their supporters congregated at Tiananmen Square, in the city of Beijing, protesting government corruption and demanding more political democracy in their country. The students had been demonstrating for a month and a half without major violent incidents, but that tragic day the army carried out orders to end the protests at any cost, and that led to a massacre that took the lives of many young people. While nobody knows exactly how many people were killed that day in Tiananmen Square, estimates are given at between 500 to 3000 unarmed youngsters.