6 rolls of president: 1) chief of state- the ceremonial head of the government of the U.S. 2) chief executive- vested by the Constitution with the executive power of the U.S. - the most powerful office in the world 3) chief administrator- of Federal Government, heading one of the largest governmental machines the world ahs known 4) chief diplomat- the main architect of American foreign policy and the nations chief spokesperson to the rest of the world 5) commander in chief- in close concert with the foreign affairs, commander of nations armed forces 6) chief legislator- main architect of its public policies 7) party chief- the acknowledged leader of the political party that controls the executive branch 8) chief citizen- office automatically makes of its occupant the nations chief citizen - expect to be the representative of all the people agenda: initiating, suggesting, requesting, supporting, insisting, and demanding that Congress enact Formal qualifications of presidency: 1) Be a natural-born citizen 2) Be at least 35 years of age 3) Have lived in the United States for at least 14 years Presidential succession: the plan by which a vacancy in the presidency would be filled The Vice President is to become Acting President if: 1) the President informs congress, in writing, that he is unable to discharge the powers and duties of his office 2) the vice President and a majority of the members of the cabinet inform Congress, in writing, that the President is so incapacitated 2 assign duties of Vice President: 1) to preside over the Senate 2) to help decide the question of presidential disability 3) President-in-waiting Balance the ticket: the presidential candidate chooses a running mate who can improve his electoral chances Electoral college: the origin a version was worked as the Framers intended only for as long as G. Washington was willing to seek and hold the presidency Flaws began to appear in the system in 1796.2 well-defined parties in 1800's: 1) FederalistsXAdams & Hamilton 2) Democratic-RepublicansXJefferson 3 new elements in the process of selecting President in 1800: 1) party nominations for the presidency and vice presidency 2) the nomination of candidates for presidential electors pledged to vote for their partys presidential ticket 3) the automatic casting of the electoral votes in line with those pledges The 12th Amendment was added to the Constitution in 1904, to make certain there would never be another such fiasco The ElectorsKshall name in their ballots the person voted for as President and indistinct ballots the person voted for as V.P. The first method the parties developed to nominate presidential candidates was the congressional caucus. For the election of 1832 both major parties turned to the national conventions their nominating device. The Constitution is silent on the subject of presidential nominations. The committee usually meets in Washington, D.C. The party out of power has held its convention first, in July; the Presidents party has met a month later, in August. The city that holds the presidential convention must be a doubtful State, or in a supportive State. Doubtful State: one that might vote either way Traditionally, both parties give each State organization a number of convention votes based on that States electoral votes.
2 campaigns for the presidency every four years: 1) the contest between the Republican and the Democratic nominee 2) the struggle for convention delegates (earlier and quite different one, takes place within.