Benefits of the statehood for Puerto Rico The intention of this essay is to demonstrate to a vision rational, concordant political leader to the Puerto Rican, American and worldwide reality. It responds to the necessity that to the statehood it is necessary to imagine it and to expose it with all the evidence available, since many Puerto Ricans, including many political leaders, do not know like defending it or exposing it before the peculiar ones or our adversaries. Puerto Rico is smallest and Eastern of the Greater Antilles. The north of Venezuela has left approximately to 500 miles, 80 miles to the east of the Spanish, and to 1.200 miles to the Southeastern of the city of Miami, in the North American state of Florida. The U.S.A. annexed to Puerto Rico to the closing of the Hispano-American War, in 1898. Within the American constitutional system, Puerto Rico is considered a "territory organized, not incorporated".
This adjustment, formulated by the Supreme Court of the U.S.A. in a series of opinions known like the Insulars Decisions there by year 1903, treats to Puerto Rico like a foreign property of the U.S.A. in terms of internal relations, but like part of the North American national territory before the international law. In order to complicate the things, like not-incorporated territory, Puerto Rico never it was put in automatic route towards a possible statehood since it they have been all the other incorporated territories, as it they have not either been the other not-incorporated territories of Guam, the Virgin Islands and the Marianas Islands of the North. Confused contradictory and, the situation have been evolving gradually to one of gradual integration of Puerto Rico with the U.S.A. The legal and constitutional evolution of the law and precedents that has been accumulated through the years from the promulgation of the Insulars Decisions have tended to treat to Puerto Rico more and more like a state federated in very many areas of their political and economic subjects, except in the most important subject of their last sovereignty. Why he would be to him advantageous to the U.S.A. to admit to Puerto Rico like state? A political reason - the American generation founding, who underwent in own meat the colonial humiliation, never contemplated that his newborn Republic it became a colonial power. The one is implicit in the American Constitution that all territory acquired by the U.S.A. is directed to a possible statehood.
As much status of Puerto Rico as the one of the other not-incorporate territories is aberrations that, in my educated opinion, violate the original intentions of the founders of the U.S.A. and their Constitution. An economic reason - Puerto Rico is a drain of money of the American contributors. Even like independent nation, and according to the plans of such independence's believers, Puerto Rico it would continue absorbing of the teat of the American Treasure by more than 10 years. If Puerto Rico were been, that unilateral movement of money would stop immediately. The tax burden of Puerto Rico, although small in the beginning, will grow gradually in proportion to its complete integration to the national economy and while it develops his maximum potential. In case that outside little, in this era of increasing globalization and interdependence, Puerto Rico would per excellence, continue being the axis of communication between the north Anglophone and the Spanish-speaking south.
Simply it makes sense enterprise make of Puerto Rico a state. A moral reason - the United States cannot support plus the being seen like a colonial power. This country loses moral force before the world whenever it defends the self-determination of others but it fails in providing it in his patio. Making of Puerto Rico a state the United States invalid that argument. Presidential vote - Under the statehood we will have the power to vote by the President and Vice-president of the United States of America. Puerto Rico would have more voters than 25 states of the Union.
Any candidate to the presidency and vice-presidency of the United States will have to come to campaign in the Island to gain our votes, doing commitments to solve our problems. Congressional delegation (Article one sec c. 2-3 Constitution of the U.S. A). - It will allow to the election of two Senators and six or seven Representatives before the Congress. When having Puerto Rico a population of 3.8 million inhabitants' approx, this will allow us to have greater to be able politician than 25 states of the Union.
We will be able to defend the interests of Puerto Rico, avoiding the approval of measures that affect to us negatively. Now, the Resident Commissioner has voice, but he does not have vote in only the two commissions that participates in the House of Representatives. The Statehood will allow us approximately to have participation in 50 commissions with a delegation of six or seven Representatives before the Congress. Sovereignty the one that corresponds to the people of Puerto Rico, of who all the powers of the State emanate. (Dictionary Small Informed Larousse) Powers of the Federal Constitution (Article one sec c. 8 Constitutionalist of the U.S.A... ) - the powers of the Federal Government are international currency, Defense and Relations.
In other words, in the only thing that the federal constitution does not, compromise is in International Currency, Defense and Relations, the other subjects are decided by each state. The Federal Constitution guarantees equality of rights to all the citizens, will be equal in all the states. The rights that guarantee are presidential vote, congressional representation, federal bottoms, and other benefits. Powers of the State Constitution - the tenth amendment of the Constitution of the U.S.A. indicates, "The faculties that this Constitution does not delegate to the United States, they prohibit to the states, are reserved respectively to the states or to the people". These powers are language, culture, educative policy, rights of family, contributions on the property, law of municipalities and others. Language and Guaranteed Culture - the Tenth Amendment of the Federal Constitution guarantees that each state of the Union decides which or which is their official language and the mechanisms to preserve our culture.
Puerto Rico is a town with cultural identity and characteristics that are to him own, of which is proud and wants to conserve. The present territorial condition does not provide any protection to the Spanish language, our shield, or our flag. As the sovereignty on Puerto Rico resides in the Congress, this one has the authority under the Territorial Clause to undo by legislative route, our constitution, the local government, and all his laws. It can impose the English language like only official language of the education and the local government.
Only the statehood would protect to Puerto Rico of an amendment by means of our Congressional delegation, the presidential vote, and the fact that Puerto Rico will have to be consulted like state for the approval of the same one. Some for the cultural use of the Spanish language and expressions under the statehood does not exist impediment. Own identity - Each state of the Union must right to have a state government (municipalities, legislature, judicature and governor). In addition, we will maintain our Constitution, our flag and shield State, as if it has each state. Permanent union - the statehood assures for always our union like partners of the most democratic and rich nation in the history of the humanity, in equality of conditions.
Puerto Rico would become a state of the American nation and it would be integrated politically and economically to the United States in permanent and indissoluble union. Citizenship - Now, the American citizenship of the Puerto Ricans is statutory. That means that that citizenship is product of a federal law of 1917. Therefore, at any time the Federal Congress could legislate to limit it or to eliminate it again. Nevertheless, with the statehood our American citizenship stops being statutory and it becomes a citizenship guaranteed permanently by the Federal Constitution. Different from which it happens now, with the statehood not even the Congress could cut your American citizenship.
Federal resources - Under the statehood we would have the right to participate equitably in distribution of federal resources. The potential of increase in federal bottoms for our island to medium term is of 88%, that is to say, $9.5 annual trillions that now are not received being Puerto Rico a colony under the ELA. These additional bottoms will benefit the Puerto Rican life. With the disappearance of 936 Section and its substitution by the Section 30 A with term of 10 years, the only opportunity that Puerto Rico must to manage to improve its economic standard of life and to obtain prosperity is with the statehood.
Without the statehood, Puerto Rico goes to a economic-social disaster. The Puerto Rican average has a personal entrance per capita of $8.509 to the year, this is $709, 08 monthly, this does not compare with the United States whose personal entrance per capita is of $25.663 to the year, this is $2.138, 58 monthly ones. (Source: Project of Law of the House of Representatives, H.R. 856 according to approved by this House of Representative and referred the Senate in 1998) This difference so marked must that Puerto Rico does not receive economic benefits and incentives such. Therefore, with the statehood we will have the economic push that needs our economy for its development, having thus improved: 1) Opportunities of use, 2) better services of health, prevented benefits to the children, families, elderly, veterans and, better education, better house, benefits to the industry, commerce, manufactures and the bank Benefits to the industry of the tourism and the protection of the atmosphere, benefits to agriculture, benefits to the municipalities. We them statehood's did not conjugate the verb to render in first plural or singular person, reflective voice, or second plural or singular person, in indicative mood, when we spoke with other statesmen.
That is other people to our way of expression. And reject the fatalism that traditionally takes many to say d' para ma~nana or d' as'i. The statehood's believers we will prevail in this debate because the truth is of our side, we have the best ideas and we expressed them better. Moreover, as these ideas are integrated with the truth and the reason, they will finish convincing so much to the very small nation, like the Great Nation on the convenience and justice of our reclamation. The way is long and arduous so that they prevail the truth and the reason and this possible triumph will be based on our work and continuous learning.
The emotion and hatred are the natural element of the most vociferous anti-statehood, but that is and must of being other people to ours. The combat is hard, but above worthy of our weather and us. I am an optimist, even an idealist, but without doing to me of illusions. However, coverall, which I have, is faith, in All-powerful God and us.