In Ancient Greece, many people believed in many different gods, each god had a different purpose and a different meaning. The Greek gods were like humans, they looked like us and they had the same feelings as us. Greek Mythology was not used to teach anyone in any Spiritual way unlike new religions such as Hinduism or Judaism. The Greeks believed that the gods chose mount Olympus, in a region of Greece called Thessaly, as their home. The Gods became associated with three main domains, which were: The Sky (or Heaven) The Sea and Earth. The Olympians were Zeus, Hera, Hephaestus, Athena, Apollo, Artemis, Ares, Aphrodite, Hestia, Hermes, Demeter, and Poseidon.
The Gods The Head of the gods, or King of the gods was Zeus. He had a wife called Hera, she was the Queen of heaven and the Goddess of Marriage and childbirth. Hera was also known as Juno in the roman belief. Zeus was a very powerful god, he was god of the sky and the Olympian Gods Ruler, and he was also known as the Roman God Jupiter. Zeus was considered the Protector of Mortals and Gods. Zeus is seen as the god of Justice and mercy and the protector of the weak.
His wife is Hera, who is also his sister. His Brother Hades rules the Underworld and his other brother Poseidon is ruler of the Seas. Hera is the Queen of the gods, and wife to Zeus (also her brother.) Hera was the goddess of marriage and the protector of Married woman. Hera has many sons and daughters; these are Ares, Hephaestus, Hebe, and Eileithyia. Hera is sometimes known as the Roman Goddess Juno The Most popular god was probably Dionysus, who was the god of wine and pleasure.
The Greeks had many festivals dedicated to Dionysus; in some religions he was as important as Zeus. However the most unpopular god being Ares or sometimes he is know as Mars, The god of war. Ares was a very angry god and was very unpopular with Humans AND the Gods. Ares was the son of Zeus and Hera. Another God who is mentioned a lot in ancient Greek mythology is Hades, The God of the dead and ruler of the underworld. He was the brother of Zeus and Poseidon and so, the Son of Cronus and Rhea (who was also Zeus and Poseidon's mother and father) Although Hades was the God of the Underworld he was not evil, he was also known as Pluto, the lord of riches.
The Underworld was sometimes known as Hades, and was divided into two parts, Erebus and Tartarus. Erebus is where the dead go as soon as they die, while Tartarus is where the titans are kept in prison. Hades had a palace in the underworld where he lived with his queen Persephone.