Types Of Internal Combustion Engines essay example
There are steam engines, turbine engines, and internal combustion engines. It takes different fuels to make each engine work. The steam engine uses steam. The turbine engine uses water, and the internal combustion engine uses gasoline. Besides fuel, like the heart, all engines need air, compression, and a spark. Without any of these, the heart or engine will not work.
The internal combustion engine is worth examining and looking under the hood to see just what goes into making your car work. This type of engine has made transportation as we know it today possible. One of the most important things to know is what is a combustion engine? An? Internal- Combustion Engine is any type of machine that obtains mechanical energy directly from the expenditure of the chemical energy of fuel burned in a combustion chamber that is integral part of the engine? 1 In the past, there have been many types of internal combustion engines.
One of the most important was named after it's inventor a German technician, named Nikolaus August Otto. Thus this engine was called Otto cycle engine, which ran on gas. Another type is the diesel engine, named after Rudolf Christian Karl Diesel, which operates on oil, and is used for trucks and airplanes. Another type is the rotary engine, which is used for lawnmowers and some tractors. There is also the gas turbine engine.
Cars over the years have really changed from four cylinder to 10 cylinders... In different cars, the location of the engine changed from front to back. This change in location was not by accident. Some cars balance differently, which means that some cars do better with their engines in the back rather than in the front. The purpose of all of these engines is to make the machine move. When a car starts it needs to get over inertia so that it can move without stopping.
In a manual car, the clutch needs to engaged, then, then, he needs to turn the key, put the car in first, put his foot on the gas, and rev up to get past the inertia. In an automatic, when the driver puts the key in, puts the car in drive, and then goes, which gets the car past the inertia. Every time you turn on your car, there are explosions in the engine. The pistons go up and over and make space for the explosions. It's like a bicycle.
Every turning motion makes the bike or car go forward of backwards. The more rpm (revolutions per minute that the pistons turn), the faster the car goes. If there is less rpms, the car goes slower.? Unlike steam engines and turbines, internal combustion engines develop no torque when starting, and therefore provision must be made for turning the crankshaft so that the cycle of operation can begin. So how does a engine work?? The motion of the piston during this stroke sucks a quantity of fuel and air mixture into the combustion chamber.
During the next stroke, the piston moves towards the cylinder head and compresses the fuel mixture in the combustion chamber. At the moment when the piston reaches the end of stroke and the volume of the combustion chamber is at a minimum, the fuel mixture is ignited by the spark plug and burns. Expanding and exerting a pressure on the piston, which is having is then driven away from the cylinder head in the third stroke. during the final stroke, the exhaust vale is opened and the piston moves towards the cylinder head, driving the exhaust gases out of the out the combustion chamber and leaving the cylinder ready to repeat the cycle.? 1 Encarta Internal combustion engine, page 1 2 Encarta, Internal combustion engine., page 4.