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  • Atoms By Virtue Of Covalent Bonds
    466 words
    Bio-molecules are built by assembling atoms, by virtue of covalent bonds. The most collective elements that can be discovered in bio molecules are the CHOPS element, which stands for the basic abbreviation of carbon, hydrogen, nitrogen, phosphorus, and sulfur. Each one of these elements has a specific valence. A valence resolves the number from the covalent bonds it can be able to form. Presuming on the total of electrons in the exterior shell that decides the ability of an atom to connect with ...
  • Molecule's Replicating Ability
    2,773 words
    Charles Darwin's theory of natural selection was widely rejected when it was first introduced in 1859 in On the Origin of Species. The Church was reluctant to accept it since it contradicted its teachings. Even the scientific community hesitated to embrace such a revolutionary, yet logical, new idea. Since then, much evidence has been uncovered that lends support to natural selection. The evidence has come primarily in the form of fossils, which lends support to the tenets of natural selection. ...
  • Buckminster Fullerene Molecules
    710 words
    Overall View of Fullerenes Natural Carbons can usually exist in several forms. The most common are Graphite and diamond, but most people don t know that there is a third type fullerenes. Many have mistaken these fullerenes for a new type of carbon. Fullerenes have been discovered in interstellar dust as well as in geological formations on Earth, but they are very new to us. As with many important scientific discoveries, Fullerenes were discovered by accident. The C 60 molecule was discovered by ...
  • Air Resistance Of A Falling Object
    1,552 words
    Research An object that is falling through the atmosphere is subjected to two external forces. The first force is the gravitational force, expressed as the weight of the object. The weight equation which is weight (W) = mass (M) x gravitational acceleration (A) which is 9.8 meters per square second on the surface of the earth. The gravitational acceleration decreases with the square of the distance from the center of the earth. If the object were falling in a vacuum, this would be the only force...
  • C H Bond On One C Atom
    1,817 words
    Covalent Bonding and Molecular GeometryObjectiveThe objective of this exercise is to help in understanding the geometric relationships of atoms in simple molecules and the relationship of hybridization to the geometry present. Discussion In the last 30 years, data obtained from spectrometric measurements, X ray and electron diffraction studies, and other experiments have yielded precise information about bond distances, angles, and energies. In many cases, the data confirmed conclusions reached ...
  • Scale Between The Atomistic And Continuum Simulations
    830 words
    Dave Smith CE 252 Nanotechnology and Multi-Scale Simulations In the past couple of decades, the technology available has increased exponentially. We are able to examine and solve problems now that were only a dream to many scientists 20-25 years ago. As we increase our ability to discover and expand we are also facing new problems every day. These problems come as we delve further into the microscopic and atomistic world. We know how many materials act on the macro scale and we can model differe...
  • Carbon Atom By A Single Bond
    1,017 words
    As with many important scientific discoveries, buckyball was discovered by accident. In 1985, the American chemist R.E. Smalley at Rice University, the British chemist H.F. Kroto at Sussex, and graduate students working under their direction were studying the nature of interstellar matter. They wanted to know what forms of carbon-containing materials can be found between the stars. The overall strategy of the research was to compare spectroscopic readings from unidentified matter in interstellar...
  • Electronic Charge Density Distribution
    675 words
    The beginning student of chemistry must have a knowledge of the theory which forms the basis for our understanding of chemistry and he must acquire this knowledge before he has the mathematical background required for a rigorous course of study in quantum mechanics. The present approach is designed to meet this need by stressing the physical or observable aspects of the theory through an extensive use of the electronic charge density. The manner in which the negative charge of an atom or a molec...
  • Hydrogen Bonds And Van Der Walls Forces
    1,696 words
    Intermolecular Bonding Essay Write an essay on intermolecular bonding. Explain how each type of bond arises and the evidence for the existence of each. Comment on their strengths in relation to the types of atoms involved; the covalent bond and relative to each other. Use the concepts of different types and strengths of intermolecular bonds to explain the following: There exists four types of intermolecular bonding, they include ionic, covalent, Van der walls and hydrogen bonding. In order to de...
  • Water Molecules To Hydrogen Bond
    1,560 words
    Chapters 2 & 3 Study Guide (Chapter 2) Atoms: Consist of Protons (+), Neutrons, and Electrons (-) - Number of Protons = Number of Electrons - Protons + Neutrons = Mass Number - Number of Protons = Atomic Number Isotopes: Same number of protons but different number of neutrons - All isotopes of an element interact with other atoms in the same way Orbitals: - Can house 1 or at most 2 electrons - More electrons (higher the atomic number) = more orbitals - Shell Model: Simple but not quite accurate ...
  • Carbon And Hydrogen Atoms
    355 words
    There are many types of plastics. For example: Name Used for Polythene Plastic bags and bottles, dustbins, e cling film f Polystyrene Plastic cups, fats-food cartons, packaging foam Nylon Rope, bristle for brushes, tights, carpet Melamine Unbreakable f dishes and mugs, ashtrays Urea-formaldehyde Electric plugs and switches Phenol-formaldehyde Door handles, saucepan handles Plastics have these properties: 1) They are all carbon compounds. 2) Their molecules are long chains of atoms, made by joini...

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