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  • Small Particles And High Energy
    707 words
    RADIOACTIVITY AND ITS EFFECTS, (THE CHERNOBYL INCIDENT). Some nuclei are radioactive, that is they spontaneously emit small particles, and high energy electromagnetic radiation, in doing so they form more stable nuclei. There are three different kinds of radiation, alpha, beta, and gamma. Quantitative studies have shown that alpha and beta are high energy particles, and gamma rays are very short high energy wavelengths (electro-magnetic radiation). Radioactivity has benefitted man in various use...
  • Birth Defects Due To Chromosome Abnormalities
    841 words
    Birth defects, or congenital malformations, are the faulty formation of structures or body parts present at birth. Sporadic, hereditary, or acquired defects may be immediately observed or may become manifest later in life; they may be visible on the body surface or present internally. Birth defects may be life threatening and require surgical correction, or they may interfere with function or appearance. Itis estimated that about 3% of all children are born with major defects; minor defects or v...
  • Fda's Daily Value For Folic Acid
    1,719 words
    If you plan to have children some day, here's important information for the future mother-to-be: Think folate now. Folate is a B vitamin found in a variety of foods and added to many vitamin and mineral supplements as folic acid, a synthetic form of folate. Folate is needed both before and in the first weeks of pregnancy and can help reduce the risk of certain serious and common birth defects called neural tube defects, which affect the brain and spinal cord. The tricky part is that neural tube ...
  • Non Prescription And Illegal Teratogens
    394 words
    To put a definition plainly, teratogens are agents responsible for countless birth defects. Research found suggests over eight hundred known teratogens. In this paper, you will find interesting facts based on research, the relationship between teratogens and developmental psychology and some personal views based on the information and research found for this piece. Teratogens are easily classified in three different groups, these being drugs, disease and environmental. These three classification...
  • High Levels Of Folic Acid
    591 words
    The New Sensation. Before you sit down to munch on your breakfast cereal or bread, you might want to take notice of a vitamin that seems to be popping up more and more in ingredients. This is being Folic Acid. The FDA is recommending that it be added to foods and that people take it in pill form every day. This is mainly because it is a key component in the never-ending battle our body fights against diseases. What is it capable of? It is proven to lower chances of birth defects, and heart attac...
  • Increased Risk Of Congenital Birth Defects
    612 words
    In October 1999, the British medical journal The Lancet published the paper "Congenital anomalies after prenatal ecstasy exposure", reporting infants born to mothers who used MDMA (ecstasy) during pregnancy are at increased risk of congenital birth defects. This letter was covered widely by the press. There is an earlier study that was conducted in the Netherlands which failed to see any dramatic problems in 49 pregnancies (leading to 40 live births). It was referenced in the Lancet article, in ...
  • Genetic Birth Defect
    204 words
    Genetic disorders, affecting many different races and genders, have been around for a very long time. Genetic disorders, usually caused by recessive genes, range from minor traits to conditions that prove fatal. Moreover, disorders often result in multiple abnormalities. Furthermore, skeletal and muscular disorders are often transmitted by a single gene, like achondroplasia, a type of dwarfism characterized by abnormal proportions of the arms, legs and body, results from impaired cartilage growt...

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