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  • General Church Council
    792 words
    It was Martin Luther who, in 1520, brought the discussion of need for a General Church Council back into debate. He, like many others, believed that it should be such a council, and not the Pope, that made all major and final decisions on issues concerning the Papacy. Previously, Popes had gone out of their way to make sure that these councils did not take place. This was because they believed that the Council would spend much of its time trying to wrest Papal control from the Pope. Under Pope P...
  • Condemnation Of Arius And His Beliefs
    873 words
    Arius and the Council of Nicaea In a time when many questions were being asked about the explicit facts of Christianity, challenging the official stand of the church could be asking for trouble. The Church ranking leaders wanted to know, "How did Arius understand the unity of the Holy Trinity". The answer is not simple, nor was it ever accepted by the Church. In a time where every bit of official Church doctrine was coming under fire, it was not easy to get at the truth. People who questioned es...
  • Origins Of The Catholic Church In Australia
    1,841 words
    Origins of the Catholic Church in Australia. The first Catholics to come along to Australia, were amongst the first convicts to step foot on the shores of Port Jackson in Sydney. These Catholics were Irish in origin, and brought Catholicism to Australia, although Anglican Ministers were trying to stop the spread of Catholicism in Great Britain and her colonies. Most of the Irish who came here came here because of the British persecution of Irish Nationalists. The first obstacle to Catholicism sp...
  • Ecumenical Council Of The Roman Catholic Church
    844 words
    What was the Second Vatican Council? The Second Vatican Council, or Vatican II as it is often called, was an Ecumenical Council, (which means it affected the worldwide Christian community) of the Roman Catholic Church. It began on October 11, 1962 under, Pope John XX with over two thousand attendants (Hollis 23). The council ended on December 8, 1965, with Pope Paul VI presiding over the council due to the death of Pope John XX in 1963. The council consisted of four different sessions convening ...
  • Place In Vatican II
    548 words
    Why is Vatican II so Significant in the Modern Church? INTRODUCTION: VATICAN II Vatican II was the 21st ecumenical council recognized by the Roman Catholic church, which became the symbol of the church's openness to the modern world. The council was announced by Pope John XX on January 25, 1959, and held 178 meetings in the autumn of each of four successive years. The first gathering was on October 11, 1962, and the last on December 8, 1965. Of 2908 bishops and others eligible to attend, 2540 fr...
  • Second Vatican Council The Second Vatican Council
    752 words
    St Alexander, bishop of Alexandria, called the Council of Nice a to deal with some of the heresies of the time, such as Arianism and Novatianism. This council lasted 2 months and twelve days, and had 318 bishops in attendance. The benefits from this council were important to reaffirming the faith. It stated that all people could be forgiven of their sins, no matter how bad the sin is, as long as the person was truly sorry for what he has done. The Nicene Creed is also a product of this council. ...
  • High Level Corruption Across The Church
    2,923 words
    How Effectively Did The Late Medieval Church Satisfy The Aspirations Of Its Members The Church had been absorbed into European culture as part of a large corpus of local beliefs. Ranging from the powers of seventh born sons, to the role of bleeding horses on St. John the Baptist's day, local beliefs permeated the everyday lives of the peasantry as an integral part of their spiritual lives. The power of shrines was held not to be in their devotion to an interceding saint, but their location and m...
  • Pope John Xx
    475 words
    Biography Pope John Paul the XX, originally known as Angelo Giuseppe Roncalli, was born in 1881 in a small town called Sotto il Monte, Italy. He was educated at Bergamo and the Seminario Romano in Rome. Ordained in 1904, he served as a chaplain in World War 1. He was secretary to the Bishop of Bergamo from 1904-14. He wrote scholarly works which included a life of St. Charles Bor romeo. While he was serving for the Bishop he was called up for service in World War 1. He was first in the medical c...

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