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  • Mass Party Like The Nazis And Hitler
    1,925 words
    Why, by 1934, had the Nazis benefited more than the Communists from the shortcomings of the Weimar Republic? Adolf Hitler, head of the NSDAP, became Chancellor of Germany on the 30th January 1933. Following the 'legal revolution' of the following months and President Hindenburg's death on the 2nd August 1934, Hitler made himself F"uh rer and Reichskanzler. The Nazi revolution was complete and Germany was subject to a dictatorship of the extreme political right. As Ian Kershaw explains, the Weima...
  • Right From The Smith Act
    647 words
    Facts: The petitioners, the leaders of the Communist Political Association (CPA), reorganized the Association into the Communist Party through changing its policies of peaceful cooperation with the United States and its economic and political structure to into the Marxist-Leninist doctrine of the Communist Party. The Communist Party set itself apart from other political parties by disregarding the normal process of change set forth by the constitution. From the literature, statements, and activi...
  • Mao Zedong And The Chinese Communist Party
    6,234 words
    INTRODUCTION On October 16, 1934,100 000 Chinese Communist troops set out on a 6,000 mile trek from their base in Kiangsi. 1 This trek, later to be known as the Long March, began after Chiang Kai-shek and his Nationalist armies (the Kuomintang) frustrated the Communist organization in Southeast China. The Long March was a difficult journey; approximately 90,000 men and women died before it was over. 2 However, communism was not eliminated in China. This paper argues that the Long March galvanize...
  • Communist Doctrine The Individual
    1,186 words
    The Conflict Between the Individual and the State and the Grammatical Fiction in Darkness At Noon 'The Party denied the free will of an individual-and at the same time exacted his willing self-sacrifice. ' The obvious contradiction of the above definition of the Communist party is depicts the conflict between the individual and the State in Arthur Koestler's novel Darkness at Noon. Koestler's protagonist Nicolas Salamanovich Rubashov, devout communist and former leader of the Communist party, fa...
  • Victor Jeremy Jerome
    548 words
    [Biographical Note supplied by the Yale University Library, where Jerome's papers are located.] Victor Jeremy Jerome, writer, editor and chairman of the Communist Party's Cultural Commission, was born Jerome Isaac Romain in Strykov Poland in 1896. Shortly after his birth, his parents migrated to England, leaving Jerome with relatives in Poland. At the age of nine he joined his parents in England where he spent the next ten years. In 1915 he came to New York, where he worked at odd jobs and start...
  • Discontent About Communism And The Communist Regime
    6,377 words
    Communism is like Prohibition - its a good idea but it wont work (Will Rogers, 1927) (1) This essay will give a brief introduction to communism. It will then discuss the various factors which combined to bring about the collapse of Communism in Eastern Europe. It will examine each of these factors and evaluate the effect of each. Finally it will attempt to ascertain whether Rogers opinion (see above quotation) on Communism is true, that is, whether communism was truly doomed to fail from the sta...
  • Rosa Luxemburg And Liebknecht
    391 words
    Rosa Luxemburg Rosa Luxemburg was one of the finest political theorists of the 20th century. Rosa Luxemburg was a German socialist leader and revolutionary. She was prominent in the international socialist movements in the early years of the 20th century. She believed that only socialism could bring true freedom and social justice. At the age of five she became seriously ill. After recovering she walked with a limp and later sciatic pain caused her much trouble. Rosa Luxemburg founded the German...
  • Italian Communist Party And Communist
    2,283 words
    Relations Between the US and Italy Between 1952-1954"The Communist Problem " The "cold war" loss of Italy to Communist control would result in profound political, psychological and military damage to the free world (p. 1567) Draft Statement of Policy by The Planning Board of The National Security Council After the end of World War II the United States embarked on years of an uneasy alliance with Italy. The recovering Italian Fascist government was highly unstable and looked as though it could fa...
  • Chinese Communist Party And Nationalism
    1,347 words
    China The history of China is embed ed with revolution and tension dating back to the feudal periods and the ' first unified Chinese empire under Qi Shi Huang Di in 221 B.C. ' The Confucianism ideology entrenched in the minds of the Chinese people with its conservative base and the need to achieve harmony in society has yet to be reached and most likely, never will. The proletariat is at the heart of the Marxist-Maoist approach to politics and the basic way of life for the Chinese masses conside...
  • Demise Of The Chinese Communist Party
    671 words
    0. Introduction More than a decade after the fall of the former Soviet Union and Eastern European communist regimes, the international communist movement has been spurned worldwide. The demise of the Chinese Communist Party is only a matter of time. 1. On What the Communist Party Is This article concerns the impact on the civilization of China of the communist movement and the Communist Party. Looking at the history of China's last 160 years, nearly one hundred million people have died unnatural...
  • Basic Communist Theories Of Karl Marx
    1,828 words
    Communism: Overview Communism is the belief that everyone in a society should be equal and share their wealth. It is an outgrowth of socialism and Anabaptism (Laski 45). It became a firmly rooted term after the Russian Revolution of 1917. According to the words of Karl Marx, 'From each according to his ability, to each according to his needs'. These theories were spread by Karl Marx. He believed that what a person made of himself reflected his effort (McLellan 1). He also believed that communism...
  • Communist Party Leader Gierek
    775 words
    Communist-Socialist strength in the government grew steadily during 1946 and 1947. In the 1947 parliamentary elections the two-party coalition won more than 85 percent of the vote. Beginning in September 1948 the Polish Communist Party purged itself of many thousands of so-called national Communists who were accused of approving Yugoslavia's defiance of the USSR. Among those jailed in the purge was Wladyslaw Gomulka, secretary general of the party and first deputy premier. In December the Social...
  • Republic Of China Sun Yatsen
    1,568 words
    Rise of Communism in China Introduction The main reason why the Communists came to power in China was because of the failing policies and actions used by Kuomintang (Chinese Nationalists) of which the CCP (Chinese Communist Party) took advantage. However in addition to that, there were also significant factors such as the poor conditions during the beginning of the twentieth century in the Republic of China and the Japanese War (1937-1945), that led to the insufficiency and weakness of the GMD (...
  • Policies Of Soviet Leader Mikhail Gorbachev
    5,350 words
    Vladimir Ilych Lenin A. Vladimir Ilych Lenin was born in 1870 and died in January 1924 at the age of 52. Lenin was in power from 1917 to 1924 to be proceeded by Josef Stalin. B. Lenin was the leader of the Bolsheviks. Him and the Bolsheviks were opposed of W.W.I. Lenin believed that it was a war of the rich. He believed that it would only cause hardships for the peasants and workers. The Germans allowed Lenin and the Bolsheviks to cross through German borders into Russia. Lenin's partner was Leo...
  • Polish And Hungarian Communist Parties
    1,271 words
    The Hungarian Tragedy of 1956 Uncertainty and Domestic Tension in Eastern Europe: The Roots of the Hungarian Tragedy The Hungarian and Polish drives for greater political freedom from Russia in 1956 were startlingly similar, and yet the two nations followed very different courses in the months that followed the initial unrest. The bloodshed in Hungary was not a consequence of a particular doctrine of oppression but instead of the confusion and lack of a coherent policy that followed the death of...
  • Major Contribution To Communist Takeover Of China
    3,735 words
    Why were the Communists able to come to power in China The Communists were able to come to power principally because of the policies and actions used by the Guomindang of which the CCP (Chinese Communist Party) took advantage. However in addition to this, there were also significant factors such as the conditions during the beginning of the twentieth century complications in the republic China and the Japanese War (1937-45), which led to the vulnerability and insufficiency of the GMD during the ...
  • Mao's Great Leap Forward Policy
    1,362 words
    History + October 1, 1949 The People's Republic of China was formed with its nationalist capital at Beijing. + 4 social classes: Workers, Peasants, the petite bourgeoisie, and the National-Capitalist, which were led by CCP. + In February 1950, after months of hard bargaining, China and the Soviet Union signed the Treaty of Friendship, Alliance, and Mutual Assistance, valid until 1980. The pact also was intended to counter Japan or any power's joining Japan for the purpose of aggression. + By 195...
  • Van Der Lubbe Alone In The Reichstag
    2,475 words
    WHO WAS RESPONSIBLE FOR THE REICHSTAG FIRE? 1. Rudolf Diels, who was the head of the Prussian police at the time, wrote source A. It says that Van Der Lubbe was caught red handed and that he must have acted alone, there was no proof of anyone else being involved, not even communists. During Van Der Lubbe's trial in 1933, he confessed he had set fire to the Reichstag, but said he hadn't been helped. Source B shows that he was insistent that he had worked alone. This agrees with source A, but Van ...
  • Kuomintang Policy And Chinese Communist Party Policy
    4,940 words
    IB Extended Essay: Why was the Chinese Communist Party able to achieve victory over the Kuomintang in the Chinese Civil War? Word Count: 4067 Abstract The Chinese Civil War, which took place from the end of World War II up to October 1, 1949, directly led to the creation of the People's Republic of China, the world's most populous communist nation. The purpose of this essay is to explain why the Chinese Communist Party was able to achieve victory over the Kuomintang in the Chinese Civil War. In ...
  • Soviet Union And European Communist Regimes
    3,127 words
    In order to answer this question effectively I must portray a complete picture of what was happening in the Balkan countries at the end of the 1980's. However before I do that I shall define what makes my countries of study; Romania, Bulgaria and Yugoslavia, different to each other and other Communist block countries. This will allow me a context of which I can discuss how the countries particular systems collapsed in different ways. The role of the Soviet Union, especially events in Russia, pla...

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