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Strand Of The Dna
1,492 wordsDNA is a term that has been used in science as well as in many parts of daily life. The general public knows that DNA is a part of our bodies but they may wonder what exactly is DNA? DNA is a term used for acid and its the genetic material of all organisms, it is the molecule of life and it determines all of our physical characteristics. DNA is present in every single form of life. More than 50 years after the science of genetics was established and the patterns of inheritance were clarified, th...
Dna And Rna Control Protein Synthesis
1,455 wordsDNA Deoxyribonucleic acid and ribonucleic acid are two chemical substances involved in transmitting genetic information from parent to offspring. It was known early into the 20th century that chromosomes, the genetic material of cells, contained DNA. In 1944, Oswald T. Avery, Colin M. MacLeod, and Mac lyn McCarty concluded that DNA was the basic genetic component of chromosomes. Later, RNA would be proven to regulate protein synthesis. (Miller, 139) DNA is the genetic material found in most viru...
Scientists Through The Dna
736 wordsDNA: The Thread of Life The 'thread of life', is acid, otherwise known as DNA. It is the spiral shaped molecule found in the nucleus of cells. Scientists have known since 1952 that DNA is the basic substance of heredity. This was hypothesized, and later confirmed by James D. Watson and Francis Crick. They also know that it acts like a biological computer program over 3 billion bits long that 'spells' out instructions for making the basic building blocks of life. DNA carries the bodies genetic co...
Base On A Strand Of Dna Pairs
2,305 wordsDNA REPLICATION WHAT IS DNA? DNA is a molecule that has a repeating chain of identical five-carbon sugars (polymers) linked together from head to tail. It is composed of four ring shaped organic bases (nucleotides) which are Adenine (A), Guanine (G), Cytosine (C) and Thymine (T). It has a double helix shape and contains the sugar component deoxyribose. THE PROCESS OF DNA REPLICATION How DNA replicates is quite a simple process. First, a DNA molecule is "unzipped". In other words, it splits into ...
Lac Operon In Bacterial Cells
276 wordsDescribe the operon hypothesis and how it explains the control of the messenger RNA production and the regulation of protein synthesis in bacterial cells. The operon is a group of genes coding for proteins with related functions and they are arranged in units. The operon is made up of the promoter, structural genes and the operator. Transcription depends on the regulator, it may be located anywhere on the bacterial chromosome. The regulator codes for the repressor, which binds to the operator. W...
Dna Code With Computers
1,538 wordsCreation vs. Evolution Is Evolution Biologically Impossible? How creationists justify their position against the evolutionary process, and how evolutionists answer them. The Overwhelming Odds against Spontaneous Generation Perhaps the most common scientific argument against the evolutionary theory used by creationists is the mathematical impossibility for the occurrence of successful changes in the DNA that actually results in a development of a new or modified species. What are the chances of e...
Information Strand Of The Dna Molecule
1,427 wordsDNA, deoxyribonucleic acid, is the genetic molecule. It carries all the genetic information of a living organism and is what distinguishes a human being from another species, after all we are all made up out of the same types of chemicals: proteins, lipids and carbohydrates, which form cells. It is the information carried in the nuclei of these cells which instruct these cells how to behave and grow together to form a complete living organism and which type of reaction to carry out. DNA carries ...
Structure Of Dna
981 wordsIn the autumn of 1951, James Watson (left) and Francis Crick (right) started work on unravelling the structure of DNA. It was known at the time that DNA was present in the nucleus of every living cell, and that it had something to do with heredity, but without a knowledge of its structure little more could be understood about how it actually worked. They approached the problem with the same methodology that had been pioneered by Linus Pauling, who after years of exhaustive study had earlier disc...
Dna Molecule In The Nucleus
260 wordsProtein Protein Synthesis Protein Synthesis Protein synthesis is the process by which genetic information from the DNA stored in the nucleus is transferred to the ribosomes where it is used to arrange amino acids into proteins. The DNA molecule in the nucleus is unzipped by an enzyme called polymerase. From one of these single strands of a DNA molecule, a mRNA molecule is built. This is accomplished by an enzyme which travels along a portion of DNA between two exons and attaches the opposing bas...
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