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  • Justice Within The Individual
    473 words
    Book I of Plato's Republic, begins with various philosophers and thinkers providing their definitions of 'justice. ' Each view works with the same motif, by stating that justice unifies a group of people, because it leads to trust and reliance. Arguments are made that justice is more helpful to the powerful, though, in the grand scheme of reality, all are served under the eyes of justice. Book II of the Republic continues the discussion of justice. Glaucon, a protagonist of the book, is introduc...
  • Plato's Theory Of Individual Justice
    2,096 words
    Justice as a scale. Introduction Can Plato's theory of individual justice, after 2,500 years, still provide an explanation of what is going on in the minds of today's human beings? After an explanation of Plato's theory of individual justice, I will try in a second step to support its plausibility with a few examples; then I will state objections against his theory and further give counterarguments to prove Plato's theory to be consistent and plausible. The last part provides the conclusion. B. ...
  • Three Parts Of His Soul
    1,351 words
    Why do men behave justly? Is it because they fear societal punishment? Are they trembling before notions of divine retribution? Do the stronger elements of society scare the weak into submission in the name of law? Or do men behave justly because it is good for them to do so? Is justice, regardless of its rewards and punishments, a good thing in and of itself? How do we define justice? Plato sets out to answer these questions in the Republic. He wants to define justice, and to define it in such ...
  • Soul Into Three Main Parts
    1,821 words
    I. In the Euthyphro, Euthyphro himself gives three proposals of piety. First, the pious is to prosecute the wrongdoer and the impious is not to prosecute the wrongdoer. Socrates disputes this example as lacking generality. He believed that in order to define piety, one had to find the form that made all pious acts pious. An example of a pious act does not in turn define piety. Euthyphros second attempt stated that the pious is loved by the gods, while the impious was hated by them. Again, Socrat...
  • Division Of Parts In The Soul
    1,740 words
    Plato's Theory Of Justice One's search for the meaning of justice in Plato's "Republic" would finally lead to two definitions: -Justice is Harmony. (book 4,434 c) -Justice is Doing one's own job. (book 4,443 b) Finding these two phrases, however, is hardly enough to get a clear sense of what justice is. Plato offers two main analogies to examine the definition of justice. The division of parts in the soul as well as the parts of the state; We would now examine the structure of the soul. The soul...

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