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  • Concepts Of Justice And Fairness
    344 words
    Originally published in Philosophical Review Vol. LXVII. 1958. - Steve Bayne (Hist-Analytic. org JUSTICE AS FAIRNESS By JOHN RAWLS (1958) 1. It might seem at first sight that the concepts of justice and fairness are the same, and that there is no reason to distinguish them, or to say that one is more fundamental than the other. I think this impression is mistaken. In this paper I wish to show that the fundamental idea in the concept of justice is fairness; and I wish to offer an analysis of the ...
  • Rawls Notion Of Justice As Fairness
    2,344 words
    Through the egalitarian reasoning of John Rawls and the act-utilitarian ist perspective of J.J.C. Smart, I will analyze the concept of justice. In accordance with Rawls, I intend to argue that any changes in society that will increase the burden carried by the poorest 5% are unjust, even if these changes increase the average level of happiness for the other 95%. With regard to ethics, justice is defined as fairness, where all situations should be treated alike. For one to exhibit justice, one mu...
  • Rawl's Scenario Base Of Principles
    1,069 words
    Phil. 104 Word Count: Take Home Exam # 1: Essay-2 John Rawls never claimed to know the only way to start a society, but he did suggest a very sound and fair way to do so. He based his just scenario on two principles of justice. His first principle of justice was that everyone should have the same rights as others. His following policy decision was that in the event of any inequalities, they should be to the benefit to everybody, and available to all people in the society. This original Rawl's ap...
  • Aristotle's View Of Justice
    1,487 words
    Political philosophy, that is, the philosophy of the polis, started with the placement of man at the center of philosophical inquiry Know Thyself (gn thi seaton), as was written on the frontispiece of the Delphic Oracle. For the Greek philosophers, the study of man could not be separated from the study of the community, outside of which man cannot fulfill his nature, which is intrinsically social. Politics is the science of the city, that is, the science of living in a community and of serving t...
  • Aristotle's And Other's Views Of Distributive Justice
    709 words
    Aristotelian Ethics & Distributive Justice Concern with material equality as the central form of distributive justice is a very modern idea. Distributive justice for Aristotle and many other writers for millennia after him was a matter of distributing what each ought to get from merit or desert in some sense. The idea of equality was arguably anathema to Aristotle and most other theorists, including Catholic philosophers, until modern times, indeed until the nineteenth century. A common view was...
  • Principles Of Justice For Rawls
    2,905 words
    The Necessity of Liberty In political philosophy, there is no greater question than the proper relationship between the state and the individual. John Rawls directly addresses the issue in his famous work A Theory of Justice, in which he offers a comprehensive argument for an active welfare state. Robert Nozick, his colleague at Harvard, responded only a few years later with Anarchy, State, and Utopia, a work focusing not on a specific formulation of distributive justice, but rather whether any ...

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