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  • Rationalization Of Religion In Singapore
    3,383 words
    Imagine that Max Weber has been resurrected and is on a visit to Singapore. How would he interpret the various facets of Singapore society in relation to his theories and prognosis about the future of modern society? As we begin the twenty-first century, there is a growing recognition that Max Weber is our foremost social theorist of the condition of modernity. His pre-eminence stems from the scope, the depth, and the intensity, which he brought to this project. In short, Weber sought to explain...
  • Emotion In The Princesse De Cleves
    1,422 words
    Woman is a Rational Animal "But now what am I, when I suppose that there is some supremely powerful and, if I may be permitted to say so, malicious deceiver who deliberately tries to fool me in any way he can" (Decartes, 19). These words by Descartes seem to correlate directly with the theme of deception in the Princesse De Cleves. In a world where appearance is merely a fiction created by necessity and nothing is as it first seems, the ability to reason through a situation for public gain is hi...
  • Rational Choice Of Action
    3,371 words
    Rational Choice Theory is perhaps one of the best known methodological approaches to the explanation of individual action. In this essay I hope to outline Rational Choice Theory and discuss certain areas of weakness in this theory, where its explanatory powers arguably breakdown and expand on the theory's formulation. Individuals are a unit of analysis at which to study society, but it should be remembered that society is not just made up of a large number of individuals, but contains groups and...
  • Categorical Imperative
    979 words
    Immanuel Kant was a de ontologist, who believed that right actions bind us, or where the right actions come from it, not from consequences. Kantian philosophy outlines the Universal Law Formation of the Categorical Imperative as a method for determining morality of actions. Kant also introduces the notion of the categorical imperative the principle that is followed by all rational and reasonable beings, it is an imperative that we learn a priori by analyzing the nature of morality. A priori is n...
  • Action's Intrinsic Moral Value
    1,716 words
    Kant: The Humanity Formula "Few formulas in philosophy have been so widely accepted and variously interpreted as Kant's injunction to treat humanity as an end in itself" (Hill, 38). Immanuel Kant's views, as elucidated in his book, Groundwork of the Metaphysics of Morals, are based on the belief that "people count" by prohibiting actions which exploit other individuals in order for self-prosperity or altruistic ends. Ethics then, are confirmed by the dignity and worth of the rational agency of e...
  • Rational Action And Legal Rational Authority
    985 words
    BUREAUCRACY AND LEGAL-RATIONAL AUTHORITY IN WEBER S WORK According to Weber, bureaucracy is a product of the legal-rational form of authority which is itself a product of the process of rationalisation which defines modern societies. Max Weber was a sociologist of the late nineteenth and early twentieth centuries who was concerned with understanding social actions and the effects they had on modern, Western civilisation. He identified a relatively new social process of rational action which is c...
  • Certain Desire
    1,622 words
    Is it rational to be altruistic? It is first important to define the term altruism. In his article 'Egoism and Altruism', B. Williams uses the word morality to also imply altruism and gives us a 'minimal interpretation' of it and refers to it as ' a general disposition to regard the interests of others'. He also introduces the 'possibility of limiting one's own projects' as a further feature of altruism. What is meant to be rational? Williams defines it from what he calls a Kantian standpoint: t...
  • Gage's Actions
    1,362 words
    I will consider that presence of particular mental faculties as well as exposure to certain realms of experience need to be taken into account when determining if someone should be regarded as responsible for his or her actions. I will present an objection to this based on the common view discussed in class that mature adults should be held accountable and punished for their reactions; argue that such an objection is flawed due to the empirical data presented by Antonio Damasio and Susan Wolf. A...

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