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  • Citizens Of Attica
    1,057 words
    What reforms did Cleisthenes introduce and what were his likely motives for them. Cleisthenes, the son of Megakles, began work on the constitution of Attica (Athens). Unlike Solon, he left no writings to describe himself, so he remains a vague figure. Unlike Solon, Cleisthenes did not receive any clear directions on reform. His achievements were made through the assembly, the government body made up of all the citizens with the responsibility of passing laws. As the head of a rich and aristocrat...
  • Scarface Into The Other Three Sweat Lodges
    2,643 words
    The sweat lodge is a key healing and spiritual practice of most, if not all, Native American cultures. A variant of the sweat lodge is seen in those cultures from the art ic to South America. It can be seen as a form of water therapy as it uses extreme heat and water to produce its effects. Specifically I will explain my personal journey and experience as a participant of a Mohawk sweat lodge. Each tribe has its own unique way of performing the sweat even if they all share the same base upon whi...
  • American Tribes
    478 words
    The First Nations women of North America lead a very interesting and complex life. Most of their lives spent as an object of slavery and viewed as a non-person with no rights or feelings. This varied from tribe to tribe depending on social organization, politically, ceremonially, agriculturally, geography, and mythology. In tribes that the government principles reflect on the character of Gods, women were highly esteemed and had some measure of authority. In tribes that the government was based ...
  • Plans Of Roman Diplomats And Germanic Kings
    2,867 words
    During the third and fourth centuries, there were large migrations of land-hungry Germans southward and westward onto the Rhine-Danube Frontier. The basic Germanic political structure was the tribe, headed by a chief who was elected for his ability as a war leader. It was these tribes that resulted in Rome's losing control of the great frontier. The Roman and Germanic cultures greatly clashed. The Germanic religion was polytheistic, their society was a warrior aristocracy, and finally their soci...
  • Conclusion The Disappearance Of The Anasazi Civilization
    742 words
    Disappearance of the Anasazi civilization Summary The Anasazi civilization was a wonderment of there time. They were far ahead of any Indian civilization of that time era. They were cliff-dwelling people who where very knowledgeable in architecture, astronomy, and farming. They had built houses on the sides of cliffs that were more then 5 stories tall with plenty of space and even had religious meeting areas. They had a system for tracking the movement of the sun and the moon and also created a ...
  • Tribe From Enemy Raids
    602 words
    Balien Valley, New Guinea The Dani tribe lives in the Balien Valley of New Guinea. The Valley is very green and full of tropical life. The tribe is spread among a network of small villages. Each village consists of ten to thirty individuals of the same or closely related family. Villagers live in huts made of local grasses and sticks. The women farm while the men the weave and protect the tribe from enemy raids. The Dani are in constant warfare with a neighboring tribe. They believe that if some...
  • German Warriors Lifestyles
    1,025 words
    Just outside the boundaries of the Roman empire of the first and second centuries, beyond the Rhine River, and occupying the area of Central Europe of what is today Germany, lived the tribes of the Germanic people. In Germania, the Roman historian Cornelius Tacitus gave an account of the lifestyles and organization of these peculiar barbarians. These descendants of modern Germans proved peculiar in that they adopted many qualities typical of barbaric cultures, yet they simultaneously practiced v...
  • New Guinea Cargo Plane Cult
    922 words
    The New Guinea cargo plane cult from a functionalist perspective stresses that the un-industrialization of the cult is due to the developed world not sharing technological advances with the tribe (cult). The tribe leader's ability to explain the purpose of the cargo planes and the tribe's inability to succeed with riches like that of the white man had a large affect on the tribe's belief system. The tribes simple way of life was disturbed by the discovery of cargo planes in the sky, shocking wha...
  • Great Plains Tribes
    410 words
    The Differences of Native American Cultures The cultures of Native American tribes varied greatly from geographical region to region. The tribes in the Pacific Northwest had plenty of time to be involved in intricate forms of art. Great Plains tribes believed in and were nomadic. Eastern Woodlands tribes made some pottery. Great Basin tribes worshipped the different seasons. Southwest tribes valued peace and wisdom. California and Baja tribes prized staying in one place and didn't like change. T...
  • New Jersey Long Before The Europeans
    1,274 words
    The Lenni-Lenape were organized into three subtribes: In the North, were the Mins i "the people of the stony country" In the Central area, were the Unami "the people down the river" In the South, were the Unilachtigo "the people who lived near the ocean" Each subtribe had a sub-chief (saki ma) and the Lenni-Lenape usually considered the Unami saki mi to be chief of all subtribes. From the map you can see where the trails were that they used to move between their villages and their summer residen...
  • Case Of The Kennewick Man
    793 words
    On July 28, 1996 a human skull was found along the banks of the Columbia River at Kennewick, Washington. This skull would lead to the discovery of a complete skeleton with characteristics of a Caucasian male. The significance of this discovery is that it's dated to between 9,300 and 9,600 years ago, making it one of the earliest skeletons found in the United States and the second oldest found in Washington. With this great archeological find controversy was soon to follow. The skeleton was found...
  • Total Of 50 Representatives For The Tribe
    1,147 words
    Having prevailed against Isagoras and the Spartans, ordinary Athenians turned to Cleisthenes, the man who had unsuccessfully stood up against Isagoras on their behalf. Windows in history rarely open to revolutionary political change. But such a window opened in 507 BC. Cleisthenes was recalled from exile and asked to build the world's first government of the people- the demos- a government that we now call direct democracy. His unprecedented task was to forge a government that genuinely reflecte...
  • Mandan Villagers
    3,397 words
    The History of the Mandan Indians in North Dakota and the impact of the European invasion History 262 "A North Dakota winter" (Encarta 95) Life on the plains is hard. The winters are long and so very cold. Few trees block the strong winds out of the mountainous west. The plains yield little to sustain a family. So we work, we grow food, we hunt, and we trade our surplus for goods brought by the nomadic tribes. The Mandan people were a Native American tribe of the northern plains. They struggled ...
  • Names Of The Abenaki Tribe
    856 words
    The Abenaki tribe is a tribe that is not commonly spoken of. Some may think that it was just a minor tribe. But wow, this was a big tribe! The tribe had many divisions, mostly known as the eastern Abenaki, the western Abenaki, and the maritime Abenaki. However, there were many more. The main divisions were the Abenaki Confederation tribe, the Seven Nations of Canada, the Eastern Abenaki, the Maritime Abenaki, and the Western Abenaki. All these divisions consisted of many more tribes. The main la...
  • Chief Black Hawk Of The Sac Tribe
    714 words
    Contrary to popular beliefs, America was not discovered in 1492 by Christopher Columbus, nor was it discovered by the pilgrims in 1620. It was actually discovered millenniums before either of those voyages. The first native Americans are believed to have crossed the Bearing Strait somewhere around 40,000 B.C. They were a proud people who were well in touch with their natural surroundings, never hunting for sport or leaving anything of there prey to waste. The Subarctic was a region that horizont...
  • Ibo Tribe
    308 words
    In Things Fall Apart by China Achebe, the final chapter is the last testament that things have truly fallen apart. Chapter 25 finally switches the point of view to that of the District Commissioner and the missionaries, and closes the book with the Commisioner's thoughts about his own novel, The Pacification of the Primitive Tribes of Lower Niger. This title provide the contrast of he Ibo's thought of the missionaries crusade, as they interpreted it to be just an invasion of their land and cultu...
  • Example From Things Fall Apart
    957 words
    A theme that is apparent in the two novels, A Tale of Two Cities by Charles Dickens and Things Fall Apart by China Achebe, is the clash between two groups with different lifestyles. In A Tale of Two Cities, the conflict occurs between the high-ranking members of society and the poverty-stricken lower class. The tension between the Ibo tribe and the European missionaries is the example from Things Fall Apart. The authors use these two conflicts to create an emotional setting for their books. In t...
  • Matters Of The Tribe
    275 words
    The tribes and kingdoms in Germany were formed through victories in war. Germania was a polytheistic civilization. "All (Germans) had fierce blue eyes, red hair, huge frames, fit only for sudden exertion" (Tacitus, 710). The weapons they used in warfare were not made of metal, but were wooden spears and shields, which they would bellow behind to make themselves sound more ominous. The nations of Germany had no cities and they were very scattered. Their civilization chose their kings by birth and...
  • Four Idols
    1,278 words
    Humanity is undeniably flawed and we are flawed in everything we do. Nobody is perfect. But with each understanding of these flaws, we can strive to correct our errors and become better people. Sir Francis Bacon wrote about his theory that we have four main flaws that cause our misconceptions about reality. These are the four idols; Idols of the Tribe, Idols of the Cave, Idols of the Marketplace, and Idols of the Theater. He brings strong points to prove his theory about each flaw and they also ...
  • Modern Civilization Look To The Tribal People
    875 words
    Tribal Wisdom and Modern Living Prepared by: Donnie Witt University of Phoenix North Campus Prepared for: Ken Walker Ph. D. SOC 102 Third Position Paper Tribal Wisdom and Modern Living David Maybury-Lewis makes an opening statement in his article, Tribal Wisdom, asking"; Is it to late for us to reclaim the benefits of tribal living?" (Post et al., 2001), p. 361), and I would like to express my views on some of what he has eluded to. Maybury-Lewis seems to have made many observations during his t...

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