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  • Chance And Spontaneity
    802 words
    Aristotle begins by describing the meaning of the words nature and natural. He identifies the meaning of each, and also explains some common phrases which include each of the words. He says all natural things have a principle of motion and of stationariness. He also says that natural things are composed of stone, earth, or a mixture of the two. According to him, artificial products do not possess the source of their own production. For example, the nature of a bed is of wood. He says that if the...
  • Introduction To A Declaration
    1,027 words
    The Declaration of Independence is perhaps the most masterfully written state paper of Western civilization. As Moses Coit Tyler noted almost a century ago, no assessment of it can be complete without taking into account its extraordinary merits as a work of political prose style. Although many scholars have recognized those merits, there are surprisingly few sustained studies of the stylistic artistry of the Declaration. (1) This essay seeks to illuminate that artistry by probing the discourse ...
  • Nature Of My Couch
    417 words
    Aristotle's Definition of Nature Nature, in its essence, is the cause / effect relationship offered to things with ascertainable objectivity, occurring without cause. From this we can logically state that the nature of something (something being an object with 'thing hood', as humorously described in class) is its beginning, purpose and stereo-type. There are two debatable definitions of nature, which under scrutiny are seemingly very similar. On the left hand, we have nature described as 'the f...
  • Same Questions As Hume About Natural Theology
    4,566 words
    "I was from the beginning scandalized, I must own, with this resemblance between the Deity and human creatures". -Philo David Hume wrote much about the subject of religion, much of it negative. In this paper we shall attempt to follow Hume's arguments against Deism as Someone knowable from the wake He allegedly makes as He passes. This kind of Deism he lays to rest. Then, digging deeper, we shall try our hand at a critique of his critique of religion, of resurrecting a natural belief in God. Fin...
  • Formal Cause And Final Cause
    490 words
    Aristotle One of the greatest thinkers of all time was Aristotle-322 BC, the Ancient Greek philosopher. He has practically influenced every area of present day thinking. His main focal points were the natural and social sciences. In Stagira, a town on the northwest coast of the Aegean Sea, in the year of 384 BC Aristotle was introduced to the world. He grew up a wealthy boy. His father was friends with the noble king of Macedonia, and as a young man he spent the majority of his time at the Maced...
  • Idea Of The Other And The Impression
    11,632 words
    A Treatise of HUMAN NATURE: Being an Attempt to introduce the experimental Method of Reasoning into Moral Subjects. London: Printed for John-Noon, at the White Hart, near Mercer-Chapel, Cheapside, 1739. Vol. II. Octavo. Pages 475-318. I Do not recollect any Writer in the English Language who has framed a System of human Nature, morally considered, upon the Principle of this Author, which is that of Necessity, in Opposition to Liberty or Freedom. The Truth of the Principle itself has been often a...
  • Free Will And Determinism
    2,926 words
    I. Determinism Before one can properly evaluate the entire debate that enshrouds the Free Will / Determinism, each term must have a meaning, but before we explore the meaning of each term, we must give a general definition. Determinism is, 'Everything that happens is caused to happen. (Clifford Williams. 'Free Will and Determinism: A Dialogue' pg 3). This is the position that Daniel, a character in Williams' dialogue, chooses to believe and defend. David Hume goes a little deeper and explains in...
  • Possibility Of A Final Cause In Action
    3,104 words
    Sam Vaknin's Psychology, Philosophy, Economics and Foreign Affairs Web Sites The word "telos" in ancient Greek meant: "goal, target, mission, completion, perfection". The Greeks seem to have associated the attaining of a goal with perfection. Modern scientific thought is much less sanguine about teleology, the belief that causes are preceded by their effects. The idea is less zany than it sounds. It was Aristotle who postulated the existence of four types of causes. It all started with the attem...

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