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  • Thoreau And The Natural Environment
    1,569 words
    From the lone hiker on the Appalachian Trail to the environmental lobby groups in Washington D.C., nature evokes strong feelings in each and every one of us. We often struggle with and are ultimately shaped by our relationship with nature. The relationship we forge with nature reflects our fundamental beliefs about ourselves and the world around us. The works of timeless authors, including Henry David Thoreau and Annie Dillard, are centered around their relationship to nature. The love for natur...
  • Observed Student As The Boy
    1,769 words
    An Experience in Child Observation Peter RuheUniversity of PhoenixBSHS 361 Child Development Group TEO 4 BHS 071 Dr. Ed SchrollApril 26, 2005 An Introduction to Child Observation The task of observing a child in a natural setting seemed relatively simple. As an unmarried uncle with plenty of free time, I am frequently asked to observe and look after my twin ten year old niece and nephew. Most of the time I watch the children at my house or at my brother's house, which for the most part is as nat...
  • Matter In The Universe
    4,095 words
    Big Bang Theory Fifteen billion years ago, give or take five billion years, the entirety of our universe was compressed into the confines of an atomic nucleus. Known as a singularity, this is the moment before creation when space and time did not exist. According to the prevailing cosmological models that explain our universe, an ineffable explosion, trillions of degrees in temperature on any measurement scale, that was infinitely dense, created not on fundamental subatomic particles and thus ma...
  • Cognitive Social Learning Theory
    1,639 words
    Throughout the first half of the twentieth century, psychologists tended to believe that the explanations offered by classical and operant conditioning were fully adequate to understand human behaviour. Classical conditioning is a form of learning in which a conditioned and unconditioned stimulus become associated, such that the former comes to elicit a response previously elicited only by the latter. It is also known as the Pavlovian or respondent conditioning. Operant conditioning is a form of...
  • Carter's Anthropic Principle
    558 words
    The Anthropic Principle In the early 1970's, Brandon Carter stated what he called 'the anthropic principle': that what we can expect to observe 'must be restricted by the conditions necessary for our presence as observers' (Leslie ed. 1990). Carter's word 'anthropic' was intended as applying to intelligent beings in general. The 'weak' version of his principle covered the spatiotemporal districts in which observers found themselves, while its 'strong' version covered their universes, but the dis...
  • Test Of A Scientific Hypothesis
    775 words
    . The four goals of psychological research are to describe, explain, predict, and control the issue. The first goal of psychological research is the method to describe each behavior and the circumstances it brings about. The goal following describe is the goal to explain. The need to know why the behavior occurs is essential. Another psychological research is to predict. Comprehending a behavior is to know when it will happen or what are the results. The final goal of psychological research is t...
  • Plays 3 Gender Participants
    488 words
    Constructs: In my own research I will be measuring 3 variables as my constructs such as the following: 1) Verbal ability 2) Social interactions or the degree of participation in group work or plays 3) Gender Participants: 20 autistic children between the ages of 6 to 7 with identical IQ levels, both sexes, with equal number of participants- 10 to each Purpose: As researchers claim, autism is four times more prevalent in boys than girls. According to this claim I would like to test whether gender...
  • Observations And Data
    606 words
    In science, one system of deduction has brought about many significant breakthroughs, more than any other used. This system is called the Scientific Method, and without it, mankind would not be as advanced as it is today. The first, and probably the most important part in the Scientific Method is observing and stating a problem. For example, one might wonder why the sky is blue during the day, and black during the night. Since our curiosity might get the better of us, we would wonder why the sky...
  • Observational Methods Of Research
    2,309 words
    Is Ethnography a Suitable method for Research on Residential Satisfaction and Community Participation. Ethnography within its wider field of research is described as the study of people's behaviour in terms of social contexts, with emphasis on interaction in everyday situations (Lindsay, 1997). It is further defined as research that constitutes the art and science of describing a group or culture (Fetterman, 1989). However, the specific definition that will be used throughout this work, is that ...
  • Your Observations
    759 words
    Observation is very important in young children because that is how you get to know a child better. While observing how a child interacts with their peers, adults, and how they behave in different settings, you are getting to know the child without speaking to them. It may be important to observe a child but at the same time it may mislead you into being judgmental, to soon. For instance, if you observe a child misbehaving, not getting along with the other children or talking back to the teacher...
  • Steps In The Scientific Method
    471 words
    Throughout the movie The Awakening, Robin Williams demonstrates his knowledge of the scientific method. The scientific method is a procedure of steps that is used to prove problems. In the movie it is used to show that patients suffering from an un-named disorder do have a slight opportunity to return to their normal state of being. The scientific method is a list of steps to prove something and make into a law or theory based on your final product and findings. It is composed of several steps, ...
  • Good Subjects For Naturalistic Observation
    1,901 words
    Naturalistic Observation Primary Reference SourceLoucopoulos P and V Kara kostas (1995) System Requirements Engineering. McGraw Hill International. Summary description Observational methods involve an investigator viewing users as they work and taking notes on the activity which takes place. Observation may be either direct, where the investigator is actually present during the task, or indirect, where the task is viewed by some other means such as through use of a video camera. Typical Applicat...
  • Conditioned Stimulus And A Conditioned Response
    1,243 words
    There are many different kinds of ways that people and animals learn. People can adjust the way they learn to the different situations in which they are learning and what they have to learn. One form of learning is known as conditioning. Conditioning emphasises the relationship between stimuli and responses. The two types of conditioning found are Classical conditioning and Operant conditioning. Learning may occur in different ways. Psychologists have distinguished between different types of lea...
  • Learner Observers The Actions Of The Model
    629 words
    When some time is allowed to pass after the extinction process, an organism will usually perform the operant again when placed in a situation in which the operant had been reinforced previously. Spontaneous recovery of learned responses occurs in operant conditioning as well as in classical conditioning. If the operant is reinforced at this time, it quickly regains its former strength. Spontaneous recovery of extinguished operant's suggests that they are inhibited or suppressed by the extinction...
  • Transformation Of Natural Philosophy Into Modern Science
    755 words
    Mediaeval understanding of science had mostly based Aristotle; Aristotle's ideas held for thousands of years until the scientific revolution begin breaking them off. It is Newton helped the transformation of natural philosophy into modern science. Newton established the science of mechanics and laid the groundwork for classical physics with law of motion he discovered. These principles might seem obvious and simple to todays physicists, but this was a new way of thinking in Newtons time. Instead...
  • Non Scientific Theories
    706 words
    There is often a heated debate on whether or not a theory is scientific. This debate brings to light a problem named the demarcation problem. This problem simply asks how one distinguishes between science and non-science. This is a very important question especially in examining separation of church and state. The demarcation problem is apparent when schools are unsure as to whether or not they should teach creationism as a possible scientific theory. Schools are to teach science, but how does o...
  • Observational Study On Personal Space
    1,432 words
    CONTENTS ABSTRACT INTRODUCTION METHOD: subjects, apparatus and material, procedure RESULTS DISCUSSION ABSTRACT An observational research was conducted to see if the personal space of an individual would guide him in avoidance quicker when it has been violated by one person or when it has been violated by three. Four people where observed each of then separately, by five violators, while they were studying in library. Two of them where observed when one violator sat to the same table that they we...
  • Boys And Girls
    413 words
    Child Study Observation To begin, I observed two children, one boy and one girl, at the Lakeview child study center. I observed substantial differences in how the two children interacted with other children, as well as adults. First, I observed the boy. He went through periods of verbal and non-verbal interaction. For example, he would speak to a teacher by asking her to watch him hoola-hoop. Then, a few moments later he would ignore the teacher when she asked him a question. This verbal-non-ver...
  • Stars In The Universe
    1,073 words
    Astronomy 20 Essay: Comparison of Astronomy Videos The Scale of the Cosmos, The Infinite Frontiers, Tools of Astronomy, The Sun, and Heaven and Hell Reviewed by Bobby Babaknia and Astronomy 20 (2: 00-3: 30 M-W) The following video tapes contain interesting facts about the universe and how it came about. In Cosmos, the Greeks studied and analyzed the skies in their own way. They discovered that the moon is a quarter of the size of the earths mass. The Greeks also found out that Neptune has eight ...
  • Observing Wolves
    330 words
    All of the essays have one thing in common, they all deal with observing animals. And with their observation comes at times interaction. They might "mingle' with these animals. Or the observers would just sit there and do what they are supposed to, observe. Our race, is naturally curious and interested in the unknown. In other words what we do not know or understand we try to understand. We try tounderstand our surroundings. In doing this, we would have gained knowledge. In Mowat's essay, "Obser...

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