You are welcome to search the collection of free essays and research papers. Thousands of coursework topics are available. Buy unique, original custom papers from our essay writing service.

20 results found, view free essays on page:

  • Christians In Ottoman Europe
    954 words
    To understand the Ottoman Empire is to understand a power mightier than even that of the Roman's. It is a look back at not only boundaries and war, but an entire civilization all of its own. A civilization so advanced that it consumed land from the Danube River in Europe to the Deserts of the Arabian Plains. The Ottoman power was to be realized in by the first Ottoman leader, Osman. He was one of the few leaders to dear attack the Byzantine Empire. Osman was able to turn nomadic tribes, Arabs, a...
  • Armenian Population Of The Former Ottoman Empire
    4,096 words
    David Rodgers Internal Assessment Mr. Nichols NOTE: I essentially wrote everything I know about the Armenian genocide, with the aid of my sources. From 1894 to 1896, Sultan Abdul-Hamid II carried out a series of massacres of the Armenian population of the Ottoman Empire. The worst of the massacres occurred in 1895, resulting in the death of thousands of civilians (estimates run from 100,000 to 300,000) and leaving tens of thousands destitute. Most of those killed were men. In many towns, the cen...
  • Ottoman Empire
    460 words
    Form the late 18th century into the early 20th century, the ottoman Empire continued to retained much of its basic political and economic structures. Although these things were generally recognizable to earlier periods in it's history, the empire was losing territory as frontiers shank. Despite their shrinking of territory, many forces within the empire became more and more complex. As well as fighting the familiar imperial wars, the leadership was having to deal with internal rebellion as well....
  • Most Important Safavid Ruler Of Persia
    1,166 words
    Comparison and Difference Between Great Indian Rulers The three great rulers from the three great empire (Ottoman, Safavid, and Mughal) that I focused on are Suleyman the Magnificent, Shah Abbas, and Akbar. The similarity between these three rulers is vast. They all were contributed somehow to there empire and were praised for this by the people. They all either tried to expand the empire or did so in a tremendous way. Finally, they all enriched their empires by making them known and feared thro...
  • Safavid Empire And The Mughals
    1,111 words
    The Islamic Empires In early modern history, there were three major Islamic empires that became prominent. The Ottoman Empire, the Safavid Empire, and the Mughals. We will discuss the Development of these empires by listing their similarities and differences, and their political, social and cultural backgrounds. Next, we will get into the three empires reign of power and also give a description of some of the great leaders of these empires and their legacy. All of these Islamic Empires had Turki...
  • Policies Of The Government The Ruling Elite
    621 words
    Many dynasties and kingdoms have ruled the area of what we now call the Middle East. In almost all of the societies, it is the wealthier, educated, and a particular race or ethnicity that ruled. These positions were usually acquired through power, either by a civil war or an overthrow of the previous government. From the late eleventh century to the reign of Mohammed Ali in the early to mid nineteenth century, whoever were the ruling elite was able to shape the direction and development of count...
  • Suez Canal The French
    1,482 words
    web society/7 e / students /outlines / ch 26. html Western penetration of Egypt Muhammad Ali built a modern state in Turkish held Egypt that attracted European traders. He drafted the peasants, reformed the government, and improved communications. The peasants lost out because the land was converted from self-sufficient farms to large, private landholdings to grow cash crops for export. Ismail continued the modernization of Egypt, including the completion of the Suez Canal, but also drew the cou...
  • 1453 By The Ottoman Sultan Muhammad II
    3,401 words
    Bayezid I- (r. 1389-1402) Ottoman ruler who started to besiege Constantinople in 1395. The Europeans saw him as a new threat to Christendom, and Hungary's king led English, French, German, and Balkan knights in a crusade against the Turks. He defeated them at Nicopolis, and moved their capital from Bursa to France. If Bayezid had not defeated the Christians, the Ottoman Empire might not have taken Constantinople. The armies of Timur defeated him near Ankara in 1402 where he was taken prisoner an...
  • Million And A Half Armenians
    749 words
    By the late 1880's there were approximately 2,500,000 Armenian people living in the Ottoman Empire. Since World War I, the number of Armenians in Turkey has barely reached more than 120,000. The difference can be accounted for in the large number of Armenians who were slaughtered or forced to flee to other countries in the period from 1894 to 1921. The tension began when Armenians in the eastern provinces of the Ottoman Empire started to impress upon the people the idea of Armenian self-governme...
  • English Diplomats In Istanbul
    775 words
    One of the few Christian leaders who sent diplomats to Istanbul to open up trade was Protestant English Queen, Elisabeth I (1558-1603). She did this at the same time as she was supporting the likes of Sir Francis Drake in his trade voyages to America and elsewhere. It was not until 1650 after the civil war in England that the English, then with a formidable navy, re-entered the Mediterranean and turned it from an Ottoman lake to an English lake. The English attacked, conquered and set up strateg...
  • Ottoman Empire And Japan
    266 words
    During the early twentieth century, the world was predominantly controlled by seven super powers: Britain, France, Germany, Austria, Russia, the Ottoman Empire, and Japan. Therefore, the global economy rested largely on the shoulders of these controlling empires. Britain's empire gave it status as the world's greatest power, as it covered around one quarter of the earth's surface, ranging from Canada to Africa. Britain had an extremely strong Navy and a stable economy. France was the second larg...
  • Capital City Of The East Roman Empire
    1,103 words
    If you ever take a look at some of the related publications presenting Istanbul, you will see that almost every passage begins with such phrases as "the gateway between Europe and Asia", "the crossroads of many important routes since centuries", "a bridge between ages, nations and civilizations". Istanbul has captivated generations of travelers. Writers and poets as diverse as Lady Mary Montagu and Lord Byron, Lamartine and Pierre Loti, have eulogized its forested shores sprinkled with palaces a...
  • Cause Nationalism
    578 words
    Ch. 6 Essay- There are many similarities and differences between the ideas of nationalism in United Germany and in the Austrian, Ottoman, and Russian Empires. Some of differences are caused because nationalism can either be a uniting factor, or it can cause widespread discontent among a country's people. Nationalism, during this time, was banned in most empires because it was considered a threat to the traditional ways of life. Economic, social, or other structural problems can also cause nation...
  • Capital Of The Ottoman Empire
    505 words
    The Ottoman Empire was one of the greatest dynasties in the world. It was also the longest lasting empire in the world. It lasted 643 years, from 1281 to 1924. The Ottoman Empire had many great leaders and also had some leaders who led to the fall of the empire. The founder of the Ottoman Empire was Osman Gazi (also known as Osman Khan or Osman Bey). He came from a great line of leaders who had led the Kay i Tribe, which is a famous Turkish tribe. When Osman Gazi's father died he was elected lea...
  • Evident By Abu Khalid Writing The Diary
    1,120 words
    The Qadi and the Fortune Teller The novel The Qadi and the Fortune Teller written by Nabil Saleh is the translation of a diary by Abu Khalid. Abu Khalid writes this journal over a ten month span from January 1843 to October 1843. The diary takes place in Beirut and follows the life of a Qadi or Muslim judge. 1843 was a year of relative calm but was a transition period to more change in the Ottoman Empire. It is a period which followed the bitter fighting in the Lebanese mountains between Christi...
  • Trade In Mediterranean Sea
    573 words
    Over the years foreign influences have changed lots of countries' and nations' destiny. Either economically or politically, influences force countries to change their way of living. Some of them could not resist the influence and vanished from history. Others stand like a rock in front of the influences and have their own identities as pure as it was at first day. Wounded Knee and Turkey are two places which evidenced different kinds of foreign influences. And there are some similarities and dif...
  • Austria Hungary And The Ottoman Empire
    314 words
    Before the was began, europe was divided into two alliance groups triple entente: Britain, France, And Russia. Central Powers: Germany, Austria-Hungary and the Ottoman Empire. Each of the six countries were empires (they all have colonies and they were all Imperialist powers) Alliance System: "Balance Of Terror" designed in the belief that, because no country in there right mind went to fight a war the have a good chance of losing, no country will choose to start a was. In an alliance system, if...
  • Pan Islamism Of Abdul Hamid
    3,662 words
    The reign of Sultan Abdul Hamid has to many been seen as an anomaly in the path to Turkish modernity and westernisation. Although he based his legitimacy on Islam and portrayed himself as a conservative and moderate Caliph, he never hampered or reversed the secular reforms of the early Tanzimat era. In many ways, he was a reactionary dictator under whom the reform programme vanished, condemning the empire to a gradual destruction as Europe advanced, for which he was caricatured by the Young Turk...
  • Ottoman Empire
    757 words
    With the Mughal Empire in the Indian Subcontinent (East), Safavid Empire in the center and the Ottoman Empire in the west; the world witnessed the glory, power and prosperity of the Muslim rule in the 16th century. THE OTTOMAN EMPIRE In 830-850, Turkish mercenaries from Central Asia found in service of Abbasid caliphs. They were exposed to Persian Islamic culture. The term "sultan" (Arabic abstract noun meaning "sovereign authority") begins to be used to designate rulers. In 1055, Seljuk sultans...
  • Ottoman Empire
    840 words
    The Austrian Empire had long been declining. This was due to a number of reasons. Most important were the different nationalities within the Empire. The Germans were the minority however they were in control of the government and all other important political positions. The Magyars, or the Hungarians, were powerless, and they were the larger group of disenfranchised people. The Italians in the west had become ceded after the war with Prussia and Italy. The Slavic groups in the north and south we...

20 results found, view free essays on page: